The evolution of the present economic geography of Europe has depended strongly on local natural resources and the ability to use these to provide goods and services to sell in the market in order to buy those raw materials, foodstuff, goods and even services locally deficient or absent: this applies at all scales, from the village to the town, from the province to the state, from the local dimension to the continental dimension. The uneven and disparate regional distribution of local resources has much affected the pattern of economic geography, especially during the massive wave of industrialisation in Western Europe and the corresponding somewhat later development in Eastern Europe.
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- 1.Useful studies of the development of trade and industry are C. T. Smith, An Historical Geography of Europe before 1800, Longmans, London(1967)Google Scholar
- and W. G. East, An Historical Geography of Europe, Methuen, London (1966).Google Scholar
- 2.A useful source is B. H. Slicher van Bath, Agrarian History of Europe A.D. 500–1850, Edward Arnold, London (1963).Google Scholar