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Establishment of proper lactation is one of the most important aspects of infant care in developing countries. A baby who is not breast-fed has a very poor chance of survival in such a situation. Most rural homes do not have the facilities for coping with hygienic methods of bottle-feeding; the principles of sterilisation are poorly understood and the fuel required for boiling the milk or water is always scarce. Bottle-feeding in these conditions invariably results in gastro-enteritis. Furthermore, the expense of artificial feeding is beyond the budgets of most households so that the baby is offered diluted milk and suffers undernutrition.
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