Appraisal of Post-colonial Politics

  • R. N. Egudu


The story of post-colonial Africa is one of intra-party and inter-party crises, corruption among politicians, coups and counter-coups, and the problem of neo-colonialism. In Nigeria, for example, in 1962, there was the rift within the Action Group between Chief Awolowo, the leader, and Chief S. L. Akintola, the deputy leader and Premier of Western Region. The conflict was so serious that the Federal Government declared ‘a state of emergency throughout the region’ and sent ‘troops to Ibadan’, the capital of the region, to maintain law and order.1 One of J. P. Clark’s poems deals specifically with this crisis (see below). In the same year, ‘Chief Obafemi Awolowo and 29 others’ were ‘arrested and charged with conspiring to overthrow the Federal Government by force’. At the end of the trials, Awolowo was ‘jailed for 10 years; and others for varying terms of imprisonment’.2 This event, especially as it affected Chief Awolowo, is the subject of another poem by J. P. Clark and one by Christopher Okigbo (see below). Also in Nigeria, the national census of 1963 resulted in a crisis whereby ‘N.C.N.C. leaders from the East and Mid-West as well as … the Action Group’attacked the census results.


Democratic Party Army Officer Political Revolution British Officer African Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 7.
    Zoe Marsh and G. W. Kingsnorth, A History of East Africa: An Introductory Survey (Cambridge University Press, 1972 ), p. 203.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    C. Gertzel, ?Uganda’, in Africa Handbook, ed. Colin Legum (Penguin Books, 1969 ), p. 204.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    See R. Cranford Pratt, The Growth of Nationalist Parties in Uganda, 1952–1960’, in Twentieth Century Africa ( London: Oxford University Press, 1969 ), pp. 222–5.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    Kwame Nkrumah, Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialsim (London: Heinemann, 1968), pp. ix-xi.Google Scholar
  5. 17.
    Gwendolen M. Carter, Independence for Africa ( London: Thames & Hudson, 1961 ), p. 170.Google Scholar
  6. 18.
    T. S. Eliot The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism (London, 1948), p. 106.Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    J. P. Clark, A Reed in the Tide ( London: Longmans, 1965 ), p. 37.Google Scholar
  8. 22.
    Lenrie Peters, `In the Beginning’, in Satellites ( London: Heinemann Educational Books, 1967 ), pp. 80–90.Google Scholar
  9. 27.
    J. P. Clark, Casualties: Poems 1966–68 ( London: Longmans, 1970 ), pp. 11–12.Google Scholar
  10. 53.
    Kofi Awoonor and G. Adali-Mortty, eds, Messages: Poems from Ghana ( London: Heinemann, 1971 ), p. 183.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© R. N. Egudu 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. N. Egudu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BeninBenin CityNigeria

Personalised recommendations