Appraisal of Post-colonial Politics
The story of post-colonial Africa is one of intra-party and inter-party crises, corruption among politicians, coups and counter-coups, and the problem of neo-colonialism. In Nigeria, for example, in 1962, there was the rift within the Action Group between Chief Awolowo, the leader, and Chief S. L. Akintola, the deputy leader and Premier of Western Region. The conflict was so serious that the Federal Government declared ‘a state of emergency throughout the region’ and sent ‘troops to Ibadan’, the capital of the region, to maintain law and order.1 One of J. P. Clark’s poems deals specifically with this crisis (see below). In the same year, ‘Chief Obafemi Awolowo and 29 others’ were ‘arrested and charged with conspiring to overthrow the Federal Government by force’. At the end of the trials, Awolowo was ‘jailed for 10 years; and others for varying terms of imprisonment’.2 This event, especially as it affected Chief Awolowo, is the subject of another poem by J. P. Clark and one by Christopher Okigbo (see below). Also in Nigeria, the national census of 1963 resulted in a crisis whereby ‘N.C.N.C. leaders from the East and Mid-West as well as … the Action Group’attacked the census results.
KeywordsDemocratic Party Army Officer Political Revolution British Officer African Politics
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