The eighteenth century in Great Britain (since 1707 the official name of the state, now inclusive of the whole island) was the Whig century. This actually lasted for nearly 150 years, from 1688 until the realignment of British political forces in the 1830s. Then the Whigs — not so much a party as a movement, which included kindred and usually quarrelling groups — divided. Those unafraid of further changes joined with Utilitarians, Radicals, democrats, some Chartists, and other progressives to form the Liberal party, while those who were fearful, having concluded that enough had been achieved and that reform should be halted or at least slowed down, moved over to the conservative camp.
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