The End of Utopia

  • Umberto Melotti


Even from outside the Marxist school of thought it has been remarked that ‘Rule by decree has conspicuous advantages for the oppressive rule of extensive territories with heterogenous population’. This is because ‘its efficiency is superior because it ignores all intermediary stages between issuance and application and it prevents political reasoning by the people. It can easily overcome the variety of local customs and need not rely on the necessarily slow process of development of general law. It is most helpful for the establishment of a centralised administration because it overrides automatically all matters of local autonomy.’1


Local Custom Political Reasoning Local Autonomy Bureaucratic Regime True Story 
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  1. 1.
    Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism, Harcourt Brace & World, New York, 1966, p. 244.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    On the importance of the mobilisation of these hidden unemployed as an impetus to development, particularly in that vast belt of under-development stretching from Southern Europe to South-east Asia, including highly populated agricultural countries where that kind of unemployment involves anything from 15 per cent to getting on for 50 per cent of the population, see the now classic work of Ragnar Nurske, Problems of Capital Formation in Underdeveloped Countries, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1958Google Scholar
  3. Klaus Billerbeck, Mobilisation of Manpower Potential in Asia and Africa, Archives of World Economy, Hamburg, 1961Google Scholar
  4. Oscar Garavello, La mobilitazione délia disoccupazione nascosta nei paesi arretrati, Vita e Pensiero, Milan, 1964.Google Scholar
  5. Umberto Melotti, Sociologia della fame: Dalla presa di coscienza del problema ad una nuova strategia per lo sviluppo economico, La Culturale, Milan, 1966Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    Herbert Marcuse, Das Ende der Utopie, Maikowski, Berlin, 1967Google Scholar
  7. 4.
    See Umberto Melotti, ‘Per un concetto non etnocentrico dello sviluppo e del sottosviluppo’, in Terzo Mondo (Milan), vol. I, no. 1 (June 1968) pp. 7–23Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Umberto Melotti

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