Louis XIV and the Jacobites

  • Claude Nordmann


Although Jacobitism played a lesser role in the second Hundred Years War between England and France than has often been thought, its significance should not be ignored.1 The prospect of a Stuart restoration influenced both the will-power of the French court during the Nine Years War and the War of the Spanish Succession and the determination of the British to defend the rights and liberties they had won through the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Irrespective of the ups and downs of the Jacobite movement in Great Britain itself, it acted as a permanent source of Anglo-French discord and coloured the ideological conflict between the two states.2 Louis XIV and the majority of his people wanted to defend the Catholic faith and the just cause of the legitimate Stuart kings. But the doctrine of Bossuet was the complete opposite of that propounded by Locke in England. With Ireland humbled after the battle of the Boyne and Scotland divided the Stuart cause had little chance of succeeding, and the supporters of James II and the Old Pretender failed to make the most of any opportunities that came their way. Louis XIV had solid good sense enough to realise this better than his own advisers, but he took a pride in defending to the last the interests of a house allied to his by ties of blood.


British Government French Court Antiquarian Society Glorious Revolution Protestant Religion 
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Copyright information

© The Macmillan Press Ltd 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Nordmann

There are no affiliations available

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