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Environmental Management and Multinational Corporate Operations

  • Ingo Walter
Chapter
Part of the Problems of Economic Integration book series

Abstract

Discussions of the international economic implications of environmental management generally focus on the ‘nation’, which pursues certain environmental policies and programmes in accordance with collectively-determined social objectives, under particular environmental conditions, while other ‘nations’ either do the same or behave differently. This sets into motion international commercial and financial flows, which in turn influence the achievement of national economic and social goals including environmental balance. This abstract view of the nation as the principal actor or decision-maker contributes to analytical neatness in the discussion, and often enables us to discern the probable direction and magnitude of the economic adjustment and adaptation that will have to result. But it also glosses over the reality of thousands of decision-makers, producers and consumers, who react in different ways to policy stimuli — and who will, in the final analysis, determine the outcome.

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Further Reading

  1. Committee for Economic Development, Social Responsibilities of Multinational Corporations ( New York: C.E.D., 1971 ).Google Scholar
  2. Jacqueline A. de Larderel and Anne-Marie Boutin, ‘How Do European (and American) Companies Really Manage Pollution?’, European Business (winter 1972).Google Scholar
  3. John H. Dunning (ed.), Studies in International Investment ( London: George Allen & Unwin, 1969 ).Google Scholar
  4. Thomas N Gladwin and John G. Welles, ‘Environmental Aspects of Multinational Corporate Operations’, in Studies in International Environmental Economics, ed. Ingo Walter (New York: Wiley, 1976 ).Google Scholar
  5. Robert G. Hawkins, ‘The Multinational Corporation: A New Trade Policy Issue in the United States’, in The United States and International Markets, ed. R. G. Hawkins and Ingo Walter ( Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1972 ).Google Scholar
  6. Charles P. Kindelberger (ed.), The International Corporation ( Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1970 ).Google Scholar
  7. Philip W. Quigg, ‘Organization for Global Environmental Management’, Columbia Journal of World Business (May–June 1972 ).Google Scholar
  8. John M. Stopford and Louis T. Wells, Managing the Multinational Corporation ( New York: Basic Books, 1973 ).Google Scholar
  9. Raymond Vernon, Sovereignty at Bay ( New York: Basic Books, 1971 ).Google Scholar
  10. Ingo Walter, Environmental Control and Consumer Protection: Emerging Forces in Multinational Corporate Operations ( Washington, D.C.: Center for Multi-national Studies, 1972 ).Google Scholar
  11. Ingo Walter, ‘A Guide to Social Responsibility of the Multinational Enterprise’, in Dimensions of Corporate Social Responsibility, ed. Jules Backman and Ernest Block (New York University Press, 1975 ).Google Scholar
  12. John G. Welles, ‘Multinationals Need New Environmental Strategies’, Columbia Journal of World Business (Summer 1973 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ingo Walter 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingo Walter
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Business AdministrationNew York UniversityUSA

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