The Neoclassical Theorem and Distribution of Income and Wealth


The neoclassical theorem, provided by Mrs Robinson and others, states that per capita consumption is maximized in the state of balanced growth (or the Golden Age) if the rate of profit is equal to the rate of growth. In such a state, the average saving ratio should be equal to the relative profit share. Except for this condition, “it does not matter at all who does the saving so long as the rate of profit is equal to the rate of growth,” in Mrs Robinson’s words ([1], p. 226). Commenting on this theorem, Samuelson states that “it has nothing essential to do with saving propensities” in the sense that “it is really a theorem about technology and production” ([1], p. 251). An identical comment is also given by Solow ([1], p. 257).


Capita Consumption Balance Growth Wealth Distribution Balance Growth Path Equity Holding 
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  1. [1]
    “Symposium on Production Functions and Economic Growth ”, Review of Economic Studies 29 (June 1962).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Pasinetti, L. L. “ Rate of Profit and Income Distribution in Relation to the Rate of Economic Growth ”, Review of Economic Studies, 29 (October 1962), pp. 267–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Sato, K. “ Neo-classical Economic Growth and Saving: An Extension of Uzawa’s Two-sector Model ”, Economic Studies Quarterly, 14 (February and June 1964 ).Google Scholar

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© Economic Study Society 1971

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  • K. Sato

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