The coast in this country has for many centuries been of interest to those ‘that go down to the sea in ships, and occupy their business in great waters’, but the scientific study of the coast is a very recent development. Even as a place for holidays the attraction of the coast is relatively new. The first coastal resort in this country — it was then called a spa — was Scarborough. In 1626 a certain Mrs Farrow noticed a medicinal spring in the cliffs, and made it known. She was aided by Dr Wittie, a good propagandist, who also advocated the drinking of sea water because, he claimed, it cured gout and ‘all manner of worms’. The habit of drinking sea water for medicinal purposes continued even into Victorian times. But the attraction of the sea for bathing and for holidays gradually increased, and certain places became popular. The association of Brighton with the Prince Regent and of Weymouth with George III are well-known examples. But it was not until the building of railways and the increasing speed and ease of travel that the coast became popular in any general sense.
KeywordsCoral Reef Coastal Research Resistant Rock Littoral Drift Cliff Erosion
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