Muḥammad the Prophet of Allah



In or about a.d. 571 a child was born to the Quraysh at Makkah and was given by his mother a name which may remain for ever uncertain. His tribe called him al-Amīn1 (the faithful), apparently an honorific title. The form which his name takes in the Koran (3: 138, 33: 40, 48: 29, 47: 2) is Muḥammad2 and once (61: 6) Aḥmad. In popular usage he is Muhammad (highly praised)—a name borne by more male children than anyother. The baby’s father, ‘Abdullāh,died before his birth; the mother, Āminah, when he was about six years old. It therefore fell to the lot of his grandfather, ‘Abd-al-Muṭṭalib, to bring up the boy, and after the grandfather’s death the duty devolved Upon his paternal uncle abu-Ṭālib.


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  1. 2.
    A. Mingana, Sources syriaques. vol. i. Bar-Penkayé (Leipzig, 1908), p. 146 (text) =P.5(tr.).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bukhāri, vol. i, p. 2, 1. rt. Compare the call of Isaiah 6: i seg. See Tor Andrae, Mohammed: sein Leben and sein Glaube (Göttingen, 1932), pp. 39 seg.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miguel Asín, Islam and the Divine Comedy, tr. H. Sunderland (London, 1926).Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Muhammad Labīb al-Batanūni, al-Rihlah al-Hijāzīyah (Cairo, 1329), P. 47.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    He declared false the widely spread European legend that Muhammad’s body lay suspended in the air somewhere above Makkah. See The Travels of Ludovico di Varthema in Egypt, Syria, Arabia Deserta and Arabia Felix, tr. J. W. Jones (Hakluyt Society, vol. xxxii, London, 1863), pp. 25 seq.Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    D. G. Hogarth, Arabia (Orford, 1922), p. 52.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip K. Hitti 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityUSA

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