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Al-Ḥijāz on the Eve of the Rise of Islam

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Abstract

In its broad outline Arabian history comprises three main eras:
  1. 1.

    The Sabaeo-Ḥimyarite period, ending at the beginning of the sixth century after Christ;

     
  2. 2.

    The Jāhilīyah period, which in a sense extends from “the creation of Adam” down to the mission of Muhammad, but more particularly, as used here, covers the century immediately preceding the rise of Islam;

     
  3. 3.

    The Islamic period, extending to the present day.

     

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Notes

  1. 2.
    vols. (Cairo, 1310); G. Freytag, Arabum proverbia (Bonn, 1838–43).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cf. Tāha Iiusayn, al-Adabal Jāhili (Cairo, 1927).Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    See William Jones, Works (London, 1799), vol. iv, pp. 245–335;Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    Anne and Wilfrid S. Blunt, The Seven Golden Odes of Pagan Arabia (London, 1903).Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    Enno Littmann, Zeitsckrift für Semitistik and verwandte Gebiete, vol. vii (1929), pp. 197.204.Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    John L. Burckhardt, Travels in Arabia (London, 1829), vol. i, p. 122.Google Scholar
  7. 2.
    E. Glaser, Mitteilungen der vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft (Berlin, 1897), PP. 390, 401; cf. Corpus inscriptionum Semiticarum, pars iv, t. i, pp. 15–19.Google Scholar
  8. 5.
    J. H. Mordtmann and D. H. Müller in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, vol. x (1896), pp. 285–92.Google Scholar
  9. 1.
    Loan-word from Aramaic through Nabataean; N. A. Faris and H. W. Glidden, Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, vol. xix (1939), pp. 1–13; cf.Google Scholar
  10. 1.
    Arthur Jeffery, The Foreign Vocabulary of the Queān (Baroda, 1938), pp. 112–15. Further archaeological and linguistic research will probably confirm the importance of the influence of Nabataean culture not only on Islam but also on early Christianity.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip K. Hitti 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityUSA

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