The Sabaean and other States of South Arabia



The Sabaeans were the first Arabians to step within the threshold of civilization. They figure in the late cuneiform inscriptions. The oldest reference to them in Greek literature is in Theophrastus († 288 b.c.), Historia plantarum.1 The southwestern corner of the peninsula was the early home of the Sabaeans.


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  1. 2.
    Ibid. § 20; D. H. Müller, Die Burgen and Schlösser Südarabiens naeh dem Iki£l des Hamdâni, 2 pts. (Vienna, 1879–81).Google Scholar
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    Bk. VIII, ed. Nabih A. Faris (Princeton, 1940); The Antiquities of South Arabia (Princeton, 1938); Bk. X, ed. Muliibb-al-Dīn al-Khatīb (Cairo, 1368).Google Scholar
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  4. 2.
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    Cf. Phillips, p. 247. For a list of kings see Müller, Die Burgen, pt. 2, pp. 60–67; G. Ryckmans, Les noms propres sud-sémitiques, vol. i (Louvain, 1934), pp. 36 seq.;Google Scholar
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    See Axel Moberg, The Book of the Himyarites (Lund, 1924).Google Scholar
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    Procopius, History of the Wars, ed. and tr. H. B. Dewing (London, 1904), Bk. I, ch. 20, §§ 9–12.Google Scholar
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    : 1–3. See al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qur do (Biilâq, 1329), vol. xxx, p. 193; ibn-Hishām, Sīroh, p. 36.Google Scholar
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    For the theory of climatic desiccation there is no sufficient evidence in historic times; Alois Musil, Northern Noğd (New York, 1928), pp. 304–19.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip K. Hitti 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityUSA

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