Advertisement

The Sabaean and other States of South Arabia

Chapter
  • 184 Downloads

Abstract

The Sabaeans were the first Arabians to step within the threshold of civilization. They figure in the late cuneiform inscriptions. The oldest reference to them in Greek literature is in Theophrastus († 288 b.c.), Historia plantarum.1 The southwestern corner of the peninsula was the early home of the Sabaeans.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    Ibid. § 20; D. H. Müller, Die Burgen and Schlösser Südarabiens naeh dem Iki£l des Hamdâni, 2 pts. (Vienna, 1879–81).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Bk. VIII, ed. Nabih A. Faris (Princeton, 1940); The Antiquities of South Arabia (Princeton, 1938); Bk. X, ed. Muliibb-al-Dīn al-Khatīb (Cairo, 1368).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Cf. Nielsen, Handbuch, vol. i, pp. 64 seq.; F. V. Winnett in Bulletin, American Schools of Oriental Research, no. 73 (1939), pp. 3–9;Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    G. Ryckmans in Bulletin, School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. xiv (1952), pp. I seq.;Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    Jacques Ryckmans, L’Institution monarchique en Arabie méridionale avant l’Islam (Louvain, 1951), pp. 2S7 seq.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    Ahmed Fakhry, An Archaeological Journey to Yemen, vol. i (Cairo, 1952). pp. 29–56;Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    Wendell Phillips, Qataban and Sheba (New York. 1955);Google Scholar
  8. 1.
    Richard L. Bowen and Frank P Albright. Archaeamr,cal Discoverer on, South Arabio (Baltimore 1958).Google Scholar
  9. 2.
    Cf. Phillips, p. 247. For a list of kings see Müller, Die Burgen, pt. 2, pp. 60–67; G. Ryckmans, Les noms propres sud-sémitiques, vol. i (Louvain, 1934), pp. 36 seq.;Google Scholar
  10. 2.
    H. St. J. B. Philby, The Background of Islam (Alexandria, 1947), pp. 143–4Google Scholar
  11. 1.
    Cf. George F. Hourani in journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. xi (1952), pp. 291–5.Google Scholar
  12. 2.
    Ta’rikh al-Rusul, ed. de Goeje. vol. i (Leyden, 1881–2), pp. 919–25.Google Scholar
  13. 1.
    See Axel Moberg, The Book of the Himyarites (Lund, 1924).Google Scholar
  14. 2.
    Procopius, History of the Wars, ed. and tr. H. B. Dewing (London, 1904), Bk. I, ch. 20, §§ 9–12.Google Scholar
  15. 1.
    : 1–3. See al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qur do (Biilâq, 1329), vol. xxx, p. 193; ibn-Hishām, Sīroh, p. 36.Google Scholar
  16. 1.
    Al-Mas’ūdi, Kitāb al-Tanbīh, ed. de Goeje (Leyden, 1893), p. 202.Google Scholar
  17. 2.
    For the theory of climatic desiccation there is no sufficient evidence in historic times; Alois Musil, Northern Noğd (New York, 1928), pp. 304–19.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip K. Hitti 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations