Early International Relations



We have thus far used the term Arabian for all the inhabitants of the peninsula without regard to geographical location. We must now differentiate between the South Arabians and the North Arabians, the latter including the Najdis of Central Arabia. The geographical division of the land by the trackless desert into northern and southern sections has its counterpart inthe peoples who inhabit it.


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  1. 1.
    Carleton S. Coon, The Races of Europe (New York, 1939), pp. 403–4, 408.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. D. Luckenbill, Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, vol. ii (Chicago, 1927), §§ 17, 118.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Cf. F. Thureau-Dangin, Les inscriptions de Sumer et d’Akkad (Paris, 1905), PP. 238, 239.Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    Ditlef Nielsen, Landbuch der altarabischen Altsrtumtkunie, vol. i, Die altarsbische Kultur (Copenhagen, 1927), p. 65.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    R. P. Dougherty, Nabonidus and Belshazzar (New Haven, 1929), pp. 106–7.Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    G. A. Cooke, A Text-Book of North-Semitic Inscriptions (Oxford, 1903), PP. 195–6.Google Scholar
  7. 4.
    B. Moritz in Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, n. ser., vol. iii (1926), pp. 81 seg.;Google Scholar
  8. 4.
    D. S. Margoliouth, The Relations between Arabs and Israelites (London, 1924), pp. 8, 15.Google Scholar
  9. 4.
    Consult James A. Montgomery, Arabia and the Bible (Philadelphia, 1934), pp. 149 seq.Google Scholar
  10. 1.
    Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, ed. J. B. Bury (London, 1898), vol. v, p. 319.Google Scholar
  11. 7.
    Sifat Jazīral al-‘Arab, ed. D. H. Müller (Leyden, 1884), pp. 153–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip K. Hitti 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityUSA

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