The response of the West to Russia’s expansion into Eastern Europe was the creation of NATO. NATO was an utter necessity: no Western statesman could have remained unconcerned at the tremendous threat Russia had poised over Europe. Even if her intentions had appeared to be friendly — and all the evidence suggested she was dangerously hostile — no West European state could have remained unmoved at the potential threat to its security constituted by the enormous preponderance of the Russian armaments and her domination of Eastern Europe. Nevertheless the creation of NATO produced an international situation full of grave difficulties for Western diplomacy. It is these difficulties, centring mainly upon the problem of Germany, which are still the main preoccupation of the world today.
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