Godly Rule pp 136-162 | Cite as

Godless Rule

  • William M. Lamont


These extracts from the Declaration of the English Army in Scotland, on 1 August 1650, make fascinating reading. They impose coherence upon the events of the previous decade. The Book of Revelation [the argument runs] comforted the godly in the time of Laud’s persecutions, inspired them to take up arms for Parliament at the beginning of the Civil War and steeled them to execute their king at the end of the Civil War. All this was true. But it was not the whole truth. As we have seen already, millenarianism was not the property of one extremist wing of the Army. It had coloured the thinking of Anglicans under the spell of Foxe, and of ‘root and branch’ ministers under the spell of Brightman. It had even — more surprisingly — influenced those who led the Erastian challenge towards the end of the Civil War. The drafters of the Declaration had no qualms, however, about appropriating the Apocalypse to themselves. At the time when they wrote, might seemed to be on their side : their commentary on the past was intended to be a preamble to the decisive acts of the future. ‘The Lord has brought us hither by his providence,’ they said, with a certain complacency, ‘and upon him we shall with confidence depend till we see a glorious issue.’2


Sovereign Power Sectarian Position Disciplinary Power Civil Authority Sectarian Colouring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 13.
    Perry Miller, ‘Roger Williams: His Contribution to the American Tradition’, Roger Williams and the Massachusetts Magistrates ( Boston, Heath, 1964 ) p. 99.Google Scholar
  2. 17.
    Anne Whiteman, ‘The Restoration of the Church of England’, in From Uniformity to Unity 1662-1962, ed. G. F. Nuttall and O. Chadwick ( London, S.P.C.K., 1962 ) p. 28.Google Scholar
  3. 21.
    Simonds D’Ewes, Autobiography and Correspondence, ed. J. O. Halliwell (London, Bentley, 1845) n 116.Google Scholar
  4. 22.
    Anthony Palmer, A Scripture-Rule to the Lord’s Table... (London, 1654) p. 3.Google Scholar
  5. 25.
    C. E. Whiting, Studies in English Puritanism from the Restoration to the Revolution, 1660-88 ( London, S.P.C.K., 1931 ) P. 46.Google Scholar
  6. 27.
    John Saltmarsh, The Opening of Master Prynnes New Book... (London, 1645) p. 37.Google Scholar
  7. John Ley, The New Querie... (London, 1645) p. 65.Google Scholar
  8. 31.
    Henry Jeanes, The Want of Church-Government No Warrant for a Totall Omission of the Lord’s Supper (Oxford, 1653) pp. 1, 15, 29, 145.Google Scholar
  9. 33.
    Quoted in A. R. Schoyen, The Chartist Challenge ( London, Heinemann, 1958 ) p. 205.Google Scholar
  10. 35.
    Humphrey Saunders, An Anti-Diatribe... (London, 1655) pp. 73, 88, 116, 117.Google Scholar
  11. 41.
    Henry Cary, Memorials of the Great Civil War in England from 1642 to 1652 (London, Colburn, 1842) 1373-4. See also the Committee’s outraged reply: (Bodleian Library) Tanner MSS. 58, f. 687.Google Scholar
  12. 43.
    Prynne, A New Discovery of Free-State Tyranny... (London, 1655) pp. 66-70.Google Scholar
  13. 47.
    A. G. Matthews, Walker Revised (Oxford University Press, 1948) passim.Google Scholar
  14. R. S. Bosher, The Making of the Restoration Settlement (London, Black, 1951) passim.Google Scholar
  15. 48.
    Robert Sanderson, Several Cases of Conscience Discussed... (London, 1660) p. 170.Google Scholar
  16. 51.
    O. Airy, ‘Notes on the Reign of Charles II’, British Quarterly Review, LxxvII (1880) 332–3. This attribution is accepted -and repeated — in G. R. Abernathy, jun., ‘Clarendon and the Declaration of Indulgence’, ournal of Ecclesiastical History, XI 1 (1960) 67.Google Scholar
  17. 52.
    F. Higham, ‘Note on Gilbert Sheldon’, journal of Ecclesiastical History, xLV 2 (1963) 209 - 12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 55.
    Zachary Crofton, A Serious Review of Presbyters Re-ordination by Bishops (London, 1661) p. 15.Google Scholar
  19. 57.
    William Barlow, An Answer to a Catholike Englishman (London, 1609) p. 370.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© William M. Lamont 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • William M. Lamont

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations