Location Theory, Regional Economics and Backward Areas

  • E. A. G. Robinson
Part of the International Economic Association Conference Volumes, Numbers 1–50 book series (IEA)


Location theory, in its earlier forms, had very little to contribute to the understanding of regional differences of economic activity. In the hands of Weber, and of those whose thinking primarily derived from Weber, the theory was essentially micro-economic. The problem that Weber and his followers set themselves was that of explaining the geographical location of the individual firm, assuming given physical locations of the necessary materials for production, assuming, if relevant, the existence of possible external economies in some locations, and assuming also — and most important — the location of the market to be served. The theory was micro-economic in the sense that the decision-making unit was by implication small enough for supply and demand to be treated as wholly independent of each other.


Regional Economic Location Theory Individual Firm Occupational Mobility Location Quotient 
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For Reference

  1. J. H. von Thünen, Isolated State (English translation) Oxford, 1966.Google Scholar
  2. A. Weber, Theory of the Location of Industries (English translation, 2nd edition) Chicago, 1957.Google Scholar
  3. A. Lösch, The Economics of Location (English translation) New Haven, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. W. Isard, Location and Space Economy, Cambridge, Mass., 1956.Google Scholar
  5. W. Isard and others, Methods of Regional Analysis, Cambridge, Mass., 1960.Google Scholar
  6. J. R. Meyer, ‘Regional Economics: A Survey’ in Surveys of Economic Theory, Vol. 11, London and New York, 1967. (This has a detailed bibliography.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. G. Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CambridgeUK

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