Individual, Co-Operative, and Competitive Pricing of Risks

  • Hans Bühlmann
Part of the International Economic Association Conference Volumes, Numbers 1–50 book series (IEA)

Abstract

In pursuing any economic task, one is bound to find that ‘success’ or ‘failure’ are not only a consequence of the actions taken but also depend to a great degree upon uncontrollable chance factors. It therefore seems a most natural definition of ‘risk’ to identify it with those chance factors which may be (but not necessarily are) working against the ‘economical zoon’. The terminology just used is misleading in as much as there is no absolute dichotomy between controllable and uncontrollable factors. In particular, every risk (equal uncontrollable chance factor) can still be managed in some way. It can be avoided, retained, reduced through preventive measures, transferred, neutralized or pooled (Williams and Heins, 1964). It is the task of risk management to choose which attitude to take towards a risk.

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Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Bühlmann

There are no affiliations available

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