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Some Aspects of African Agricultural Development

  • M. Yudelman
Chapter
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Part of the International Economic Association Conference book series (IEA)

Abstract

Although statistics pertaining to agriculture in Africa have to be treated with great caution, the following data amply demonstrate the significance of agriculture in the overall economic setting (see Table 1). Available evidence based on national output estimates, derived within recent years, confirms the overwhelming importance of agriculture in the economies of almost all countries that fall in this region. In fact, the agricultural component is estimated to make up more than half the value of the gross domestic product of all West Africa and most of East Africa; it constitutes around one-fifth of the value of the gross domestic product of the former Belgian Congo and the Central African Federation, both of which have large mining sectors in their national income. Agricultural exports dominate foreign trade of all these economies except the two mineral-producing areas. In other countries agricultural exports range from 99 per cent of the value of all exports in the Sudan, 90 per cent from Nigeria and former French West Africa, more than 90 per cent from British East Africa, and 46 per cent from former French Equatorial Africa.2

Keywords

Land Tenure Cocoa Bean Money Income Agrarian Reform African Agriculture 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    In a survey conducted among 297 males in Bechuanaland in 1947 close to 40 per cent of the producers reported they left ‘home’ to seek employment in the Union of South Africa because of the need for money to pay taxes. See The Economic Causes of Labour Migration from Bechuanaland in Migrant Labour and Tribal Life, by I. Schapera, Oxford University Press, 1947. Also see Gulliver, P. H., Labour Migration in a Rural Economy: a Study of the Ngoni and Ndendeuli of Southern Tanganyika, Kampala, Uganda, East African Institute of Social Research, 1955, pp. 19–21.Google Scholar
  2. Also see Gulliver, P. H., Labour Migration in a Rural Economy: a Study of the Ngoni and Ndendeuli of Southern Tanganyika, Kampala, Uganda, East African Institute of Social Research, 1955, pp. 19–21.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Some Prospects for Subsistence Agriculture in West Africa, by P. H. Nye, West Africa Science Association, April 1956.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    A Note on the Economics of African Development in Southern Rhodesia with special reference to Agriculture, by M. Yudelman and S. Makings, February 1960, 67 pp. mimeograph by S. Rhodesia Government.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    See The Staple Food Economies of Western Tropical Africa, Stanford Food Research Institute, by B. F. Johnston, Stanford University Press, 1958.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Yudelman
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for International AffairsHarvard UniversityUSA

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