The Problems of Labour in African Development

  • D. Hobart Houghton
Part of the International Economic Association Conference book series (IEA)

Abstract

This topic is so vast, the workers so diverse in their skills, work attitudes, and cultural heritage, economic factors are so heavily over laid by political aspirations, and the process of change so rapid, that it is difficult to make any meaningful generalization about African labour. It may well be that the driving forces behind current changes in Africa are more psychological in character than economic, in that they represent the mass aspiration to assert the African’s equality with other peoples, socially, politically, and culturally, rather than the more limited desire for a higher standard of material wel fare.1 Nevertheless, if these political and other aspirations are to succeed they must rest upon a viable economic order, capable of not only maintaining itself, but also of providing a higher standard of living. This implies major structural changes in most African economies.

Keywords

Migration Maize Europe Income Marketing 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    D. Hobart Houghton, ‘Men of Two Worlds—Aspects of Migratory Labour’, South African Journal of Economics, September 1960.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. H. Northcott, African Labour Efficiency Survey, Colonial Office Research Publications, No. 3, 1947, H.M.S.O.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. H. Smith, Native Urban Employment— A study of Johannesburg employ ment records. Industrial Research Section, University of Witwatersrand, 1948.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sheila v.d. Horst, ‘Native Labour Turnover in Cape Town’, South African Journal of Economics, December 1957.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    D. Hobart Houghton, ed., Economic Development in a Plural Society, O.U.P. 1960, chap. 10. This book is the published report on the economic aspects of the Border Regional Survey (1955–60) which was undertaken by the Institute of Social and Economic Research at Rhodes University, Grahamstown. The observa tions presented here are based upon information collected in this investigation.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    Xhosa in Town, vol. I, The Black Man’s Portion, by D. H. Reader, O.U.P., 1961, chap. 5.Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    W. Elakn, An African Labour Force, East African Studies, No. 7, East African Institute of Social Research, Kampala, 1956 (quoted in Human Factors in Pro ductivity in Africa, p. 34).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Hobart Houghton
    • 1
  1. 1.Rhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa

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