‘The word ‘Parliament’, which in origin meant merely a parley or conference, entered into official language about the middle of the thirteenth century. It described formal conferences between the King and his officials and a number of the tenants-in-chief summoned for that purpose. Strictly speaking, Parliament is a meeting, summoned by the monarch under the royal prerogative of the two separate Houses, the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Broadly, the history of Parliament is that of a power struggle between the Crown and Parliament on the one hand and the two Houses on the other. The House of Commons has triumphed over the Crown in the sense of the monarch, and over the House of Lords, but the Crown in the sense of the executive appears for now to be the winner.
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