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Conversion of Military R&D: Concepts and Complications

  • Peter Southwood
  • Yuri Andreev

Abstract

The term ‘conversion’ implies a deep change. It involves a radical transformation. When applied to military industries the idea of conversion recalls the age-old vision of a society without war in which swords would be turned into plowshares.

Keywords

Military Expenditure Military Spending North Atlantic Treaty Organization Procurement Process Military Industry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    Jan Oberg, ‘Is the Conversion Idea to be Converted? Some Sceptical Comments from a Non-Convert,’ in Militarization and Arms Production, ed. Helena Tuomi and Raimo Vayrynen (Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1983), p. 295.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See Council for Science and Society, UK Military R&D (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986);Google Scholar
  3. and Ian Davis, Military R&D in Europe: Collaboration Without Control?, Current Decisions Report No. 11 (Oxford: Oxford Research Group, October 1992), p. iv.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST), Relationships Between Defence & Civil Science and Technology (London: POST, May 1991), p. 4.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, Conversion and Diversification of Defence Technology and Manufacturing (London: POST, October 1992), p. 7.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    Inga Thorsson, In Pursuit of Disarmament: Conversion from Military to Civil Production in Sweden, 2 vols. (Stockholm: Liber, 1984–85), 1A, p. 301.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    See, for instance, Robert DeGrasse, Jr., Military Expansion, Economic Decline: The Impact of Military Spending on U.S. Economic Performance (New York: M.E. Sharp with Council on Economic Priorities, 1983);Google Scholar
  8. and Malcolm Chalmers, Paying for Defence: Military Spending and British Decline (London: Pluto Press, 1985).Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    Peter Southwood, Disarming Military Industries: Turning an Outbreak of Peace into an Enduring Legacy (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 14.
    K. Adelman and N. Augustine, ‘Defense Conversion: Bulldozing the Management,’ Foreign Affairs 71 (Spring 1992), pp. 26–47.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Southwood
  • Yuri Andreev

There are no affiliations available

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