The Black Sea Region, European Security, and Ukraine
The Black Sea basin, though an enclosed, relatively small region, retains major importance for European security in the late 1990s, but the situation there has altered significantly since the late 1980s. Military-political changes in Eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s and in the early 1990s diminished the traditionally global dimensions of the Soviet and, prospectively, the Russian naval presence in the Black and Mediterranean Seas. The length of the Russian Federation’s Black Sea coastline has shrunk threefold. Up to 37 per cent of the former Soviet Union’s ship-repairing capabilities lies on the territory of Ukraine (particularly at Nikolaev, Kherson, Kyiv, and Kerch). At the same time, the Black Sea has become the sole outlet to the world’s oceans for an independent Ukraine.
KeywordsEconomic Crisis Europe Petroleum Assure Turkey
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.Zbigniew Brzezinski, ‘A Plan for Europe’, Foreign Affairs 75, no. 1 (January–February 1995): 39.Google Scholar
- 6.Henry Kissinger, ‘Russian and American Interests after the Cold War’, in Stephen Sestanovich, ed., Rethinking Russia’s National Interest (Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1994), 3.Google Scholar
- 7.World Security Challenges for a New Century (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994); Ted Galen Carpenter, ed., The Future of NATO (Washington, D.C: Cato Institute, 1995).Google Scholar
- 8.See S. Frederick Starr, The Legacy of History in Russia and the New States of Eurasia (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1994), vol. 1, 10Google Scholar
- Volodymyr Zviglyanich, ‘Russia, the Specter of Integration and Ukraine: A Look at New Realities’, The Ukrainian Weekly, 64, no. 13 (March 1996): 2.Google Scholar
- Roman Popadiu, ‘Crimea and Ukraine’s Future’, Mediterranean Quarterly 5, no. 4 (Fall 1996): 30–9Google Scholar
- Viktor Glebov, ‘Ukraine and Russia in the Context of Black Sea Security’, Materials from the International Russian-Ukrainian Round Table in Odessa, April 14–16, 1993 (Odessa: Loges, 1994Google Scholar
- Mavia Drohobycky, ed. Crimea: Dynamics, Challenges, and Prospects (Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1995).Google Scholar