In this chapter I shall argue that the practice of citizenship must, for as far ahead as we can reasonably envisage, be confined within the boundaries of national political communities. I shall argue, in other words, that those who aspire to create transnational or global forms of citizenship have failed to understand the conditions under which genuine citizenship is possible. Either their aims are simply Utopian, or else what they aspire to is not properly described as citizenship. So I shall begin by saying something about what citizenship actually means, what is involved in someone being a citizen, and then go on to address the question of where (if anywhere) the boundaries of citizenship must lie.
KeywordsCollective Action Problem Empirical Argument Global Civil Society International Court Republican Ideal
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