Summing-up II

  • L. Alan Winters
Part of the International Economic Association Series book series (IEA)


A good three-day conference generates a huge volume of information, not only from the papers and formal discussions, but also from participants’ comments and informal interaction. I do not want to summarize it all — indeed, I could not — but rather try to use this brief summary to make links between sessions and draw some conclusions. In doing so I shall try to identify both common themes and unresolved disputes. I shall not be designing a future research programme, but I hope that some of my points will be taken on to someone’s agenda. My comments are divided into five parts, in more-or-less random order.


Foreign Direct Investment Total Factor Productivity Free Trade Trade Policy Total Factor Productivity Growth 
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  1. Winters, L. A. (1996) ‘Regionalism versus Multilateralism’, Policy Research Working Paper, no. 1687, The World Bank.Google Scholar
  2. Young, A. (1995) ‘Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 110, pp. 641–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Alan Winters
    • 1
  1. 1.The World BankUSA

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