Advertisement

Employment and Unemployment

  • Peter Curwen
Chapter
Part of the Macmillan Texts in Economics book series (TE)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter and of Chapter 14 which follows is to examine the workings of the labour market in the UK. This divides into three main issues. First, there is the need to discuss employment and unemployment and the changes which have taken place in both, primarily during the period since 1979. Secondly, there is the need to examine the role played by the trade unions and to assess how they have fared since 1979. Thirdly, there is the need to assess the record with respect to education and training, the latter of which has been a central policy issue only since the early 1980s. Inevitably, all of these issues have something to do with the rewards to labour, and so we will need to say something about that also. However, wider issues concerning the distribution of income are left until Chapter 15.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Barrell, R. (ed.) (1994) The UK Labour Market (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  2. Bean, C. (1994) ‘European Unemployment: A Retrospective’, European Economic Review, 38, pp. 523–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beatson, M. (1995) ‘Progress Towards a Flexible Labour Market’, Employment Gazette (February) pp. 55–66.Google Scholar
  4. Blanchflower, D. (1984) ‘Union Relative Wage Effects’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, pp. 311–22.Google Scholar
  5. Blanchflower, D., M. Stevens and A. Yates (1991) ‘Unionisation and Employment Behaviour’, CLE Discussion Paper 339.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, W. and S. Wadhani (1990) ‘The Economic Effects of Industrial Relations Legislation Since 1979’, National Institute Economic Review (February).Google Scholar
  7. Butcher, S. and Hart, D. (1995) ‘An Analysis of Working Time 1979–1994’, Employment Gazette (May) pp. 211–222.Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, M. and M. Daly (1992) ‘Self-Employment into the 1990s’, Employment Gazette (June).Google Scholar
  9. Commission of the European Communities (1992) Employment in Europe — 1992, COM(92) 354.Google Scholar
  10. Commission of the European Communities (1993) Green Paper: European Social Policy, COM(93) 551.Google Scholar
  11. Commission of the European Communities (1995) ‘Employment and Labour Market Flexibility’, European Economy, Supplement A, 10.Google Scholar
  12. Curwen, P. (1995) ‘Social Protection Versus Unemployment in the European Union’, European Business Journal, 7 (2) pp. 43–8.Google Scholar
  13. Dawson, G. (1990) ‘Interpretation of the Natural Rate of Unemployment’, Economics (Summer).Google Scholar
  14. Denman, J. and P. McDonald (1996) ‘Unemployment Statistics From 1881 to the Present Day’, Labour Market Trends (January) pp. 5–18.Google Scholar
  15. Department for Education and Employment (1995) ‘New Developments in the Pattern of Claimant Unemployment in the United Kingdom’, Employment Gazette (September) pp. 351–8.Google Scholar
  16. Ellison, R., D. Melville and R. Gutman (1996) ‘British Labour Force Projections: 1996–2006’, Labour Market Trends (May) pp. 197–205.Google Scholar
  17. Felstead, A. and N. Jewson (1995) ‘Working at Home: Estimates From the 1991 Census’, Employment Gazette (March) pp. 95–9.Google Scholar
  18. Fenwick, D. and Denman, J. (1995) ‘The Monthly Claimant Unemployment Count: Change and Consistency’, Labour Market Trends (November) p. 397.Google Scholar
  19. Freeman, R. (1995) ‘The Limits of Wage Flexibility to Curing Unemployment’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 11 (1) pp. 63–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Glyn, A. (1995) ‘The Assessment: Unemployment and Inequality’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 11 (1) pp. 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gregg, P. (1992) ‘Out for the Count Again? A Social Scientist’s Analysis of Unemployment Statistics in the UK’, National Institute Discussion Paper No.25 (October).Google Scholar
  22. Gregg, P. and J. Wadsworth (1995) ‘A Short History of Labour Turnover, Job Tenure, and Job Security, 1975–93’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 11 (1) pp. 73–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. House of Commons Employment Committee (1996) Third Report: Unemployment and Employment Statistics. HC 228, 27 February (London: HMSO).Google Scholar
  24. Hughes, A. (1996) ‘Employment in the Public and Private Sectors’, Labour Market Trends (August) pp. 373–9.Google Scholar
  25. Lawlor, J. and C. Kennedy (1992) ‘Measures of Unemployment: the Claimant Count and the Labour Force Survey’, Employment Gazette (July).Google Scholar
  26. Layard, R., S. Nickell and R. Jackman (1991) Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  27. McGregor, A. and A. Sproull (1992) ‘Employers and the Flexible Workforce’, Employment Gazette (May).Google Scholar
  28. Michie, J. and Grieve Smith, J. (eds) (1994) Unemployment in Europe (London: Academic Press).Google Scholar
  29. Morgan, J. (1996) ‘Structural Change in European Labour Markets’, National Institute Economic Review (February) pp. 83–6.Google Scholar
  30. Naylor, K. (19950 ‘Revised Employment Estimates and a New Classification System June 1978 to March 1995’, Employment Gazette (October) pp. 379–84.Google Scholar
  31. Nickell, S. and B. Bell (1995) ‘The Collapse in Demand for the Unskilled and Unemployment Across the OECD’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 11 (1) pp. 40–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nickell, S. and S. Wadhani (1989) ‘Insider Forces and Wage Determination’, Economic Journal (June).Google Scholar
  33. Osborne, K. (1996) ‘Earnings of Part-Time Workers: Data From the 1995 New Earnings Survey’, Labour Market Trends (May) pp. 227–31.Google Scholar
  34. Perry, K. (1996) ‘Measuring Employment: Comparison of Official Sources’, Labour Market Trends (January) pp. 19–27.Google Scholar
  35. Poret, P. (1990) ‘The “Puzzle” of wage moderation in the 1980s’, OECD Working Paper, 87 (Paris: OECD).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shonfield, D. (1995) ‘The Jobs Mythology’, IDS Focus, 74.Google Scholar
  37. Snower, D. (1993) ‘Why People Do Not Find Work’, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 883 (December).Google Scholar
  38. Snower, D. (1995) ‘Evaluating Unemployment Policies: What Do the Underlying Theories Tell Us?’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 11 (1) pp. 110–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Taylor, A. and C. Lewis (1993) ‘1991 Census of Employment Results’, Employment Gazette (April).Google Scholar
  40. The Economist (1994a) ‘Labour Pains’ (12 February) pp. 80–1.Google Scholar
  41. The Economist (1994b) ‘A Bad Case of Arthritis’ (26 February) pp. 92–3.Google Scholar
  42. The Economist (1994c) ‘The Manufacturing Myth’ (19 March) pp. 91–2.Google Scholar
  43. The Economist (1994d) ‘Workers of the World Compete’ (2 April) pp. 69–70.Google Scholar
  44. The Economist (1995a) ‘A World Without Jobs?’ (11 February) pp. 23–5.Google Scholar
  45. The Economist (1995b) ‘Counting the Jobless’ (22 July) p. 92.Google Scholar
  46. Thomas, P. and K. Smith (1995) ‘Results of the 1993 Census of Employment’, Employment Gazette (October) pp. 369–77.Google Scholar
  47. Tonks, E. (1995) ‘Revisions to the Quarterly Labour Force Survey: Re-Weighting and Seasonal Adjustment Review’, Employment Gazette (May) pp. 223–32.Google Scholar
  48. White, A. and J. Leyland (1993) ‘How Unemployment is Measured in Different Countries’, Employment Gazette (September).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter Curwen 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Curwen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations