The UN’s Place in the Era of Globalization: A Four-Dimensional Perspective

  • Joseph A. Camilleri

Abstract

Fifty years after its establishment the UN is highly visible to say the least; through its various agencies and activities it is virtually omnipresent; through its resolutions, interventions and international gatherings it dominates the pages of our newspapers. The UN has, in effect, become the world’s most discussed institution, even if it is as much for its failures as for its successes. The extraordinary growth of its security role, to which several of the preceding chapters have already referred, is perhaps the clearest indicator yet of the UN’s expanding functions and global presence.1 Between 1988 and 1994 the number of military personnel involved in peace had risen from 9570 to 73,393 and the number of contributing countries from 26 to 76. In the course of 1994, the UN undertook electoral activities in 21 countries, whereas no such activities were recorded in 1987.2 These statistics point not merely to a higher level of activity, but to actions that are both more complex and functionally and geographically more diverse.

Keywords

Europe Income Arena Boulder Stake 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See Ramesh Thakur, ‘The United Nations in a Changing World’, Security Dialogue, Vol. 24, No. 1 (1993), pp. 7–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boutros Boutros-Ghali, An Agenda for Peace 1995, 2nd edition, New York: United Nations, 1995, p. 8.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For a comprehensive review of the difficulties encountered by recent UN peacekeeping, see Ramesh Thakur and Carlyle A. Thayer (eds.), A Crisis of Expectations: UN Peacekeeping in the 1990s, Boulder: West-view Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    See Chadwick F. Alger, ‘The United Nations in Historical Perspective: What Have We Learned About Peacebuilding?’, in Richard A. Falk, Samuel S. Kim and Saul H. Mendlovitz (eds.), The United Nations and a Just World Ordery Boulder: Westview Press, 1991, pp. 87–108.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    See David Held, Democracy and the Global Order, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995, pp. 84–5.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Samuel Huntington, ‘The Clash of Civilizations’, Foreign Affairs Vol. 72 (Summer 1993), pp. 22–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 8.
    See Joseph A. Camilleri and Jim Falk, The End of Sovereignty? Politics in a Shrinking, Fragmenting World, Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1992, pp. 246–57.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    John Gerard Ruggie, ‘Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations’, International Organization Vol. 47, No. 1(1993) p. 151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.
    See Robert O. Patman, ‘The UN Operation in Somalia’, in R. Thakur and Carlyle Thayer, A Crisis of Expectations: UN Peacekeeping in the 1990s, Boulder: Westview Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    See Peter J. Fromuth, ‘The Making of a Security Community: The United Nations after the Cold War’, Journal of International Affairs Vol. 46, No. 2 (Winter 1993), pp. 341–66Google Scholar
  11. Louis Henkin, International Law Politics and Values, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoflf, 1995, pp. 93–4.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    These questions are often not explicitly addressed, but they are considered, at least indirectly, in Rasmer Amer, ‘The United Nations’ Peacekeeping Operation in Cambodia: Overview and Assessment’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 15, No. 2 (September 1993), pp. 211–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    See Adam Roberts, ‘Humanitarian War: Military Intervention and Human Rights’, International Affairs Vol. 69, No. 3 (July 1993), pp. 429–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 20.
    See J.A. Camilleri, ‘Alliances and the Emerging Post-Cold War Security System’, in Richard Leaver and James L. Richardson (eds.), Charting the Post-Cold War Order, Boulder: Westview Press, 1993, pp. 81–94.Google Scholar
  15. 21.
    See The End of Sovereignty?, pp. 156–7, 206–21; also Irmline Veit-Brause, ‘Rethinking the State of the Nation’; and Stephanie Lawson, The Authentic State: History and Tradition in the Ideology of Ethno-nationalism’, in J.A. Camilleri, A.P. Jarvis and A.J. Paolini (eds.), The State in Transition: Reimagining Political Space, Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1995, pp. 59–90Google Scholar
  16. Anthony D. Smith, National Identity, Harmonds-worth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1991, pp. 123–42.Google Scholar
  17. 22.
    The importance of the ‘knowledge base’ in responding to the global problématique is discussed by John G. Ruggie, ‘On the Problem of ‘the Global Problématique’: What Roles for International Organizations?’, Alternatives, Vol. 5 (January 1980) pp. 517–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 27.
    Boutros Boutros-Ghali, ‘Empowering the United Nations’, Foreign Affairs Vol. 72, No. 5 (1992), p. 99.Google Scholar
  19. 28.
    Martin Shaw, Global Society and International Relations, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994, p. 11.Google Scholar
  20. 29.
    For a thoughtful but still preliminary exploration of these issues, see David Held, Democracy and the Global Order, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995, pp. 99–140.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph A. Camilleri

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations