Part of the Macmillan Master Series book series (MMS)


  • The name ‘Qur’an’ means ‘the Recital’ and each separate revelation making up the book is called a Qur’an.

  • The Qur’an is understood by Muslims to be the final, the ultimate scripture; that is, it is the last edition of God’s Will.

  • It is the basic religious document for Islam.

  • It was pre-existent in Heaven, inscribed on a ‘preserved tablet’ (85:22).

  • It is the written collection of the revelation to the Prophet Muhammad by the Angel Jibra’il (Gabriel) starting on ‘The Night of Power’. The Revelation continued piecemeal over 20 years, read by the angel from the heavenly tablet.

  • It was made to ‘descend’ on Muhammad in tanzil (downward flow).

  • Islamic theology gives the term ‘Qur’an’ a sequence:
    • the eternal Qur’an with God

    • the Qur’an in the Prophet’s hearing — the Qur’an in the Prophet’s speaking — the Qur’an in his hearer’s hearing

    • the Qur’an in their reciting after him

    • the recording of the hearing and reciting in the earthly book.

  • It is an infallible source of authority for all matters of doctrine, practice and law.


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© Ray Colledge 1999

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