Japan and the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation
The process of making contact between the Russian Empire — Tsarist Russia — and Japan extended over almost two centuries and was fraught with many difficulties and vicissitudes which derived from distance, unequal strength of motive (the Russians needed a nearer source of supply than European Russia for their pacific settlements, whereas Japan, with no such need, pursued an exclusion policy), disasters, ignorance of the other country’s language and customs, and the stiffbacked regimes of both parties; on the other hand there were useful accidental contacts, both national and individual initiatives, and acts of benevolence. (See, in this connection, Lensen, 1959.)
KeywordsJoint Enterprise Russian Market Timber Industry Irkutsk Oblast Khabarovsk Krai
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