Muslim National Communism in Tatarstan: The Dream of Sultangaliev Revisited

  • Masayuki Yamauchi


The demise of the Soviet Union and the subsequent emergence of the Commonwealth of Independent States did not solve the problems created by different centrifugal forces within Russia. This conveys the ominous message to peace-loving people everywhere that the Russian Federation, still the biggest country in the world in land mass, is under threat of disintegration like the former Soviet Union.


Communist Party Corporal Punishment Nationality Policy Party Central Committee Central Control Commission 
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  1. 1.
    In 1985, I wrote a book entitled The Dream of Sultangaliev, the date of publication of which coincided fortuitiously with the Alma-Ata unrest. The book describes Sultangaliev’s ideas and actions. But, at the time, various aspects of his life remained obscure. I was unable to determine the exact dates of his birth, his death, or even whether he had married or not. Masayuki Yamauchi, Surutangariefu no yume (The Dream of Sultangaliev) (Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1985).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    In this chapter, I would like to elaborate on the discussion in my earlier book, and to modify information advanced by Bennigsen and Chantal-Quelquejay, in their 1960 study, and by Bennigsen and Wimbush, in 1979. Alexandra Bennigsen and Chantal-Quelquejay, Les mouvements nationaux chez les musulmans de Russie: le sultangalievisme au Tatarstan (Paris: Moutan, 1960);Google Scholar
  3. Bennigsen and S. Enders Wimbush, Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World (Chicago University Press, 1979).Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Especially, cf. B Sultanbekov, ‘Sultan-Galiev: lichnost’i sud’ba’, Sovetskaya Tatariya, 24 July 1989; B. Sultanbekov, Mirsaid Sultan-Galiev: Sud’ba Lyudi, Vremya (Kazan: Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, 1991) pp. 7–44;Google Scholar
  5. Masayuki Yamauchi, Radeikaru Historii (Radical History) (Tokyo: Chuo-Koronsha, 1991) pp. 213ff.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    For more detail, cf. Yamauchi, Surutangariefu no yume, pp. 164–89; Masayuki Yamauchi, Shingun Ryokugun Sekigun (The Divine Army, the Green Army and the Red Army: Soviet Communism and Islam) (Tokyo: Chikuma Shobo, 1988) pp. 227–63;Google Scholar
  7. Marie Bennigsen Broxup, ‘Volga Tatars’, The Nationalities Question in the Soviet Union, ed. by G. Smith (London and New York: Longman, 1991) pp. 280–1.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Osman Karabiber, Kirimli Bir Turkun Rusyadaki Maceralari (Ankara, 1954) p. 24.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masayuki Yamauchi

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