Clinical Audit

  • Diana Sale
Part of the Essentials of Nursing Management book series (ENMS)


Clinical audit is a simple system which allows professionals to measure their performance, to recognise good practice and if necessary make improvements. The definition of audit presented in the 1989 White Paper was ‘The systematic critical analysis of the quality of medical care, including the procedures used for diagnosis and treatment, the use of resources and the resulting outcome and quality of life for the patient.’


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Further Reading

  1. Chase, R. L. (ed.) TQM (New York: IFS Publications).Google Scholar
  2. Crombie, I. K., H. T. O. Davies, S. C. S. Abraham, C. du V. Florey, The Audit Handbook — Improving Health Care through Clinical Audit (Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 1993).Google Scholar
  3. DoH, Working for Patients (London: HMSO, 1990).Google Scholar
  4. DoH, Meeting and improving standards in healthcare; a policy document on the development of clinical audit, EL(93)59 (Heywood: Department of Health, 1993).Google Scholar
  5. DoSS Management’s Arrangement for the Reorganised NHS (London: HMSO, 1972).Google Scholar
  6. Fitzpatrick, R., Surveys of patient satisfaction: 11 Designing a questionnaire and conducting a survey, British Medical Journal; 1991 302: 1129–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Getting Ahead with Clinical Audit: a Facilitator’s Guide published by the NHS Training Directorate and the NHSE, 1994).Google Scholar
  8. Hendrick, T. E., PreJIT/TQC. Audit: First Step of the Journey (1988).Google Scholar
  9. Hopkins, A., Measuring the quality of medical care (London Royal College of Physicians, 1990).Google Scholar
  10. Jones, S., ‘Medical Audit (Surgery)’, The International Journal of Health Care and Quality Assurance (1990).Google Scholar
  11. Koch, Dr. Hugh Total Quality Management in Health Care (Longman, 1981).Google Scholar
  12. Kogan, M. and S. Redfern, Making use of clinical audit (Buckingham: Open University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  13. Lewis, N., ‘Nursing Audit’, International Journal of Health Care and Quality Assurance. Feb 1919.Google Scholar
  14. Mason, A., Enabling Clinical Work in the South West (Bristol: SWHRA, 1990).Google Scholar
  15. NHSME, Nursing Care Audit (Labor: HMSO).Google Scholar
  16. RCP, Medical Audit: A first report (London, 1989).Google Scholar
  17. Shaw, C., Medical Audit Hospital Handbook (King’s Fund Centre, 1989).Google Scholar
  18. South Western Regional Health Authority, SWRHA, Regional Approach to Medical Audit (Bristol: SWRHA, 1989).Google Scholar
  19. Walshe, K. and J. Bennett, Guidelines on medical audit and confidentiality (Brighton Health Authority/South East Thames Regional Health Authority, 1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Diana N. T. Sale 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Sale

There are no affiliations available

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