‘Client-centred’ approaches

  • Alex Howard


A wide variety of people talk of counselling and describe themselves as counsellors, with insufficient clarity about what is meant. As we shall see, they often have little in common beyond superficial statements about ‘empowerment’. The skills employed can vary widely. A consensus about counselling, then, is lacking. However, many counsellors claim partial, or substantial, allegiance to one or more of the schools described in these chapters. If there is one authority above all others within counselling it is probably, still, Carl Rogers.


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  1. 1.
    Jeffrey Masson, Against Therapy. Collins, 1989.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Oscar Wilde, The Critic as Artist. Random House, 1891, reprinted 1969.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Henri Peyre, Literature and Sincerity. Yale University Press, 1963.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Michael Frayn, Constructions. Wildwood House, 1974.Google Scholar
  5. 11.
    Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace, Book IX, Chapter XVI. Oxford University Press, 1869, reprinted 1958.Google Scholar
  6. 12.
    ‘The energy which makes a child hard to manage is the energy which afterward makes him a manager of life’ (Henry Ward Beecham, Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit, 1887).Google Scholar
  7. 13.
    David Smail, Taking Care: An alternative to Therapy. Dent, 1987.Google Scholar
  8. 14.
    Brian Thorne, Person-centred Counselling: Therapeutic and Spiritual Dimensions. Whurr, 1991.Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    See Mike Featherstone, Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. Sage, 1991.Google Scholar

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© Alex Howard 1996

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  • Alex Howard

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