• Pat Young
Part of the Macmillan Master Series book series


Unemployment causes suffering to people who are made redundant or who cannot find a job on leaving school or college. The families of these people also experience financial difficulties, anxiety and stress. In areas where a high proportion of people are out of work, communities become demoralised and depressed. High unemployment means that even people in work suffer, through reduced opportunities to change jobs, and the feeling of vulnerability which spreads throughout society. The costs of unemployment are borne by the society as a whole, both in terms of financial and social factors. Increased demands are made on social workers, doctors and other caring workers as they are called upon to deal with the effects of unemployment on the physical and mental health of individuals, families and communities. Unemployment is thus an issue of individual and national concern.


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Notes and references

  1. 1.
    Alan Walker, ‘The Level and Distribution of Unemployment’ in Louie Burghes and Ruth Lister (eds), Unemployment: Who Pays the Price?, Poverty Pamphlet, 53 (London: Child Poverty Action Group, 1981), p. 16.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    All figures from Central Statistical Office, Social Trends1994, 24 (London: HMSO, 1994).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Peter Makeham, Youth Unemployment, Department of Employment Research Paper, 10 (London: Department of Employment, 1980).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    David J. Smith, Racial Disadvantage in Britain, The PEP Report (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), p. 109.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jeremy Seabrook, Unemployment (London: Granada, 1983), p. 113.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The Health Education Council The Health Divide, quoted in the Guardian (3 April 1987), p. 3.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dr Richard Smith, Unemployment and Health, quoted in the Guardian (17 September 1987), p. 2.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    National Association of Citizens’ Advice Bureaux, The Cost of Living (London: NACAB, 1992).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jeremy Seabrook, ‘Unemployment Now and In the 1930s’, in Bernard Crick (ed.), Unemployment (London: Methuen, 1981), p. 14.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    House of Commons, Hansard, 24 July 1987, quoted in Poverty (CPAG), Winter 1987–8, p. 5.Google Scholar

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© Pat Young 1995

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  • Pat Young

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