The IC Design Process

Where do we start?
  • Peter Shepherd
Part of the New Electronics Series book series


Integrated circuits (ICs) have their origin in the development of the solid-state equivalent of the thermionic valve — the transistor. Bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) were first developed in the late 1940s by Brattin, Bardeen and Schockley at Bell Laboratories, although point contact diodes (‘cats whiskers’) were in use before the Second World War, and the field effect transistor had been proposed but not successfully realized in the early 1930s.


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  1. T.E. Dillinger, VLSI Engineering, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. D.A. Fraser, The Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 4th edn, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. R.L. Geiger, P.E. Allen and N.R. Strader, VLSI Design Techniques for Analog and Digital Circuits, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. J. Mavor, M.A. Jack and P.B. Denver, Introduction to MOS LSI Design, Addison-Wesley, London, 1983.Google Scholar
  5. W. Wolf, Modern VLSI Design — A CAD Based Approach, Prentice-Hall International, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© P. R. Shepherd 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Shepherd
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringUniversity of BathUK

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