The External Elements
We must now examine some of the characteristics of the basic building blocks that make up the hundreds of different criminal offences. These underlying principles reveal a coherence in the criminal law, which makes it easier to analyse and understand particular offences.
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Bibliography and Further Reading
- Ashworth: The Scope of Criminal Liability for Omissions, (1989) 105 Law Quarterly Review, 424.Google Scholar
- Budd and Lynch: Voluntariness, Causation and Strict Liability,  Criminal Law Review, 74.Google Scholar
- Horder: Pleading Involuntary Lack of Capacity, (1993) Cambridge Law Journal, 298.Google Scholar
- Lanham: Larsonneur Revisited, (1976) Criminal Law Review, 276.Google Scholar
- Meade: Contracting into Crime: A Theory of Criminal Omissions, (1991) Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 147.Google Scholar
- Moore, Act and Crime (1993, Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
- Patient: Voluntariness in Offences of Absolute Liability, (1968) Criminal Law Review, 23.Google Scholar
- Robinson: Should the Criminal Law Abandon the Actus Reus/Mens Rea Distinction? in Shute, Gardner and Horder (eds), Action and Value in Criminal Law (1993, Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
- Smith J: Comment on Miller,  Criminal Law Review, 526.Google Scholar
- Smith J: Liability for Omissions in the Criminal Law,  Legal Studies, 88.Google Scholar
- Williams G: Criminal Omissions the Conventional View, (1991) 107 Law Quarterly Review, 432.Google Scholar