The psychology of work
The application of psychology to the place of work is known as occupational psychology. The work environment contains a number of aspects that are of interest to psychologists, and where their expertise can be applied usefully. Such aspects as personnel selection and training, safety practices, management and leadership styles, motivation, stress, conflict and its resolution, decision making and ergonomics (machine design) have all benefited from psychological research. This chapter briefly examines just two areas of this very large topic: theories of motivation and group processes.
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