World Faiths pp 157-176 | Cite as

Jainism and Sikhism



Jainism1 originated in India in the sixth century bce, during a period of reaction against the prevailing Hindu priestly class, which was seeking to extend its dominant power through prescribed rituals, sacrifices, and yoga exercises, as well as in other ways. Dissatisfied with this trend, several thinkers sought a more coherent and intellectual system of religion than that which was flourishing at the time. Some attempted to undermine the control of priestly power, others developed philosophical ideas, and still others sought to explore the nature of Ultimate Reality. One of the foremost of these dissident thinkers was Mahavira.


Ultimate Reality Hindu Tradition Holy Book Yoga Exercise India Tourist 
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Copyright information

© St. Martin’s Press, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Victoria CollegeUniversity of TorontoCanada

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