Advertisement

World Faiths pp 245-295 | Cite as

Roots of Western Religions

Chapter
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

No area in the world has played a more important role in human affairs, or has been as often and as bitterly contested, as has the Middle East. Because it straddles a vital corridor of trade and conquest, the area has formed a perpetual arena for violent conflict among nomadic tribes, agricultural city-states, empires, and colonial powers. Hurrians, Hittites, Kassites, Midianites, Amorites, Edomites, Moabites, Ammonites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Arameans, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, and Jews are among the peoples who occupied the area at one time or another.

Keywords

Ancient World Greek Mythology Roman Emperor Western Religion Mother Goddess 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Chiera, E. They Wrote on Clay. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  2. Contenau, G. Everyday Life in Babylon and Assyria. New York: Norton, 1966.Google Scholar
  3. Gaster, Th. H. The Oldest Stories in the World. Boston: Beacon Press, 1958.Google Scholar
  4. Hallo, W. H. & W. K. Simpson. The Ancient Near East: A History. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.Google Scholar
  5. Heidel, A. The Babylonian Genesis. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  6. Heidel, A. The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  7. Hooke, S. H. Assyrian and Babylonian Religion. Oxford, Eng.: Oxford University Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  8. Jacobsen, T. The Treasures of Darkness: A History of Mesopotamian Religion. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  9. Kramer, S. N. The Sumerians: Their History, Culture and Character. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.Google Scholar
  10. Kramer, S. N. Sumerian Mythology. New York: Harper & Row, 1961.Google Scholar
  11. Kramer, S. N. History Begins at Sumer. New York: Doubleday, 1959.Google Scholar
  12. Oppenheim, A. L. Ancient Mesopotamia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. Ringgren, H. Religions of the Ancient Near East. London: SPCK, 1976.Google Scholar
  14. Roux, G. Ancient Iraq. London: Allen & Unwin, 1964.Google Scholar
  15. Saggs, H. W. F. The Greatness That Was Babylon. Toronto, Can.: New American Library of Canada, 1968.Google Scholar
  16. Sollberger, E. The Babylonian Legend of the Flood. London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1962.Google Scholar
  17. Aldred, C. Akhenaten, Pharaoh of Egypt; A New Study. London: Thames & Hudson, 1968.Google Scholar
  18. Allen, T. C., trans., The Book of the Dead. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  19. Bleeker, C. J. Egyptian Festivals: Enactments of Religious Renewal. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1967.Google Scholar
  20. Breasted, J. H. The Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt. New York: Harper & Row, 1959.Google Scholar
  21. Çerny, J. Ancient Egyptian Religion. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1952.Google Scholar
  22. Edwards, I. E. S. The Pyramids of Egypt, rev. ed. London: Penguin Books, 1961.Google Scholar
  23. Emery, W. B. Archaic Egypt. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1963.Google Scholar
  24. Faulkner, R. O. The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. Warminster, Eng.: Aris & Phillips, 1973.Google Scholar
  25. Faulkner, R. O. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Oxford, Eng.: Clarendon Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  26. Frankfort, H. Ancient Egyptian Religion. New York: Harper & Row, 1961.Google Scholar
  27. Frankfort, H. Kingship and the Gods. New York: Harper & Row, 1961.Google Scholar
  28. Gardiner, A. Egypt of the Pharaohs. Oxford, Eng.: Oxford University Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  29. Griffiths, J. G. The Origins of Osiris. Berlin: Hessling, 1966.Google Scholar
  30. . The Conflict of Horus and Seth: From Egyptian and Classical Sources. Liverpool, Eng.: Liverpool University Press, 1960.Google Scholar
  31. Hallo, W. H. & W. K. Simpson. The Ancient Near East: A History. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.Google Scholar
  32. Hayes, W. C. Most Ancient Egypt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.Google Scholar
  33. Hayes, W. C. The Sceptre of Egypt. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, Vol. 1, From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom, 1953; Vol. 2, The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom, 1959.Google Scholar
  34. Ions, V. Egyptian Mythology. London: Hamlyn, 1965.Google Scholar
  35. Mercer, S. A. B. The Religion of Ancient Egypt. London: Luzac, 1949.Google Scholar
  36. Morenz, S. Egyptian Religion. London: Methuen, 1973.Google Scholar
  37. Redford, D. Akhenaten: The Heretic King. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  38. Sauneron, S. The Priests of Ancient Egypt. New York: Grove Press, 1960.Google Scholar
  39. Wilson, J. A. The Culture of Ancient Egypt. 5th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.Google Scholar
  40. Berve, H. Greek Temples, Theatres and Shrines. New York: Abrams, 1963.Google Scholar
  41. Burkert, W. Greek Religion. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
  42. Bury, J. B. A History of Greece. 4th ed. London: Macmillan, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Chadwick, J. The Mycenaean World. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  44. Dietrich, B. C. The Origins of Greek Religion. New York: De Gruyter, 1974.Google Scholar
  45. Drees, L. Olympia: Gods, Artists and Athletes. London: Pall Mall Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  46. Ferguson, J. The Heritage of Hellenism. London: Thames & Hudson, 1973.Google Scholar
  47. Festugiere, A. J. Personal Religion Among the Greeks. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1954.Google Scholar
  48. Grant, F. C. (ed.). Hellenistic Religions: The Age of Syncretism. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1954.Google Scholar
  49. Grant, M. Myths of the Greeks and Romans. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1962.Google Scholar
  50. Guthrie, W. K. C. The Religion and Mythology of the Greeks. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1964.Google Scholar
  51. Guthrie, W. K. C. The Greeks and Their Gods. London: Methuen, 1962.Google Scholar
  52. Guthrie, W. K. C. Orpheus and Greek Religion: A Study of the Orphic Movement. London: Methuen, 1952.Google Scholar
  53. Hadas, M. Hellenistic Culture: Fusion and Diffusion. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  54. Halliday, W. R. Greek Divination: A Study of Its Methods and Principles. London: Macmillan, 1913.Google Scholar
  55. Kerényi, K. Eleusis: Archetypal Image of Mother and Daughter. New York: Pantheon Books, 1967.Google Scholar
  56. Kerényi, K. The Religion of the Greeks and Romans. London: Thames & Hudson, 1962.Google Scholar
  57. Martin, L. H. Hellenistic Religions. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  58. Murray, G. Five Stages of Greek Religion. Boston: Beacon Press, 1951.Google Scholar
  59. Mylonas, G. E. Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1961.Google Scholar
  60. Nilsson, M. P. A History of Greek Religion. New York: Norton, 1964.Google Scholar
  61. Nilsson, M. P. Greek Folk Religion. New York: Harper & Row, 1961.Google Scholar
  62. Otto, W. F. The Homeric Gods. London: Thames & Hudson, 1979.Google Scholar
  63. Otto, W. F. Dionysus: Myth and Cult. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  64. Parke, H. W. Greek Oracles. London: Hutchinson’s University Library, 1967.Google Scholar
  65. Persson, A. W. The Religion of Greece in Prehistoric Times. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1942.Google Scholar
  66. Rose, H. J. Religion in Greece and Rome. New York: Harper & Row, 1959.Google Scholar
  67. Rose, H. J. Ancient Greek Religion. London: Hutchinson, 1946.Google Scholar
  68. Barrow, R. H. The Romans. New York: Penguin Books, 1949.Google Scholar
  69. Bell, H. I. Cults and Creeds in Graeco-Roman Egypt. New York: Oxford University Press, 1953.Google Scholar
  70. Bloch, R. The Origins of Rome. London: Thames & Hudson, 1966.Google Scholar
  71. Brown, P. The World of Late Antiquity from Marcus Aurelius to Muhammad. London: Thames & Hudson, 1971.Google Scholar
  72. Cary, M. & H. H. Scullard. A History of Rome Down to the Reign of Constantine. 3rd ed. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  73. Cumont, F. The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism. New York: Dover, 1956.Google Scholar
  74. Dumezil, G. Archaic Roman Religion with an Appendix on the Religion of the Etruscans. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.Google Scholar
  75. Ferguson, J. The Religions of the Roman Empire. London: Thames & Hudson, 1970.Google Scholar
  76. Grant, F. C. (ed.). Ancient Roman Religion. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1957.Google Scholar
  77. Grant, M. Roman Myths. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1971.Google Scholar
  78. Harris, J. R. The Oriental Cults in Roman Britain. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1965.Google Scholar
  79. Heyob, S. K. The Cult of Isis Among Women in the Graeco-Roman World. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Hyde, W. W. Paganism to Christianity in the Roman Empire. New York: Octagon Books, 1970.Google Scholar
  81. Michels, A. K. The Calendar of the Roman Republic. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  82. Rahner, H. Greek Myths and Christian Mystery. London: Burns & Oates, 1963.Google Scholar
  83. Rose, H. J. Ancient Roman Religion. London: Hutchinson’s University Library, 1948.Google Scholar
  84. Taylor, L. R. The Divinity of the Roman Emperor. Middletown, Conn.: American Philological Association, 1931.Google Scholar
  85. Vermaseren, M. J. Cybele and Attis: The Myth and the Cult. London: Thames & Hudson, 1977.Google Scholar
  86. . Mithras, The Secret God. London: Chatto & Windus, 1963.Google Scholar
  87. Walters, V. J. The Cult of Mithras in the Roman Provinces of Gaul. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Witt, R. E. Isis in the Graeco-Roman World. London: Thames & Hudson, 1971.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© St. Martin’s Press, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Victoria CollegeUniversity of TorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations