Replicating Urban Shelter Programmes: Problems and Challenges

  • Michael A. Cohen


During the 1970s the problem of urban growth in developing countries received more international attention than ever before. Urban problems were integrated into a general analysis of development issues that focused on the distribution of benefits as well as economic growth. Disparities between urban and rural areas and the productivity of cities became important issues in development strategy. This increasing attention to urban problems eventually led the World Bank in 1972, at the request of its member governments, to initiate new programmes of urban lending.


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  1. 1.
    John Turner and Robert Fichter, Freedom to Build (New York: Macmillan, 1972).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    World Bank, Learning by Doing: World Bank Lending for Urban Development 1972–82 (Washington: World Bank, 1983) p. 3.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    World Bank, Urbanization Sector Working Paper (Washington: World Bank, 1972).Google Scholar

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© The United Nations 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Cohen

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