Methods of Collecting Data

  • Philip Burnard
  • Paul Morrison


  • To explore common methods of data collection;

  • To identify the strengths and limitations of each method;

  • To enable you to consider the usefulness or otherwise of each of these methods for your own research project.


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Further Readings

  1. Cook, T.D. and Campbell, D.T. (1979) Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings, Rand McNally, Chicago.Google Scholar
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  30. Robson, C. (1983) Experiment, Design and Statistics in Psychology, 2nd edn, Penguin, Harmondsworth.Google Scholar
  31. Luker, K.A. (1982) Evaluating Health Visiting Practice, RCN, London.Google Scholar
  32. Hayward, J. (1975) Information: A Prescription Against Pain, RCN, London.Google Scholar
  33. Henerson, M.E., Morris, L.L. and Fitz-Gibbon, C.T. (1987) How to Measure Attitudes, Sage, Beverly Hills, ch. 9.Google Scholar
  34. Lofland, J. and Lofland, L. (1984) Analysing Social Settings, 2nd edn, Wadsworth, Newark, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  35. Taylor, S. and Bogdan, R. (1984) Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods, 2nd edn, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  36. Becker, H.S. and Geer, B. (1992) ‘Participant observation: the analysis of qualitative field data’ in R.G. Burgess (ed.) Field Research: A Sourcebook and Field Manual, Allen & Unwin, London.Google Scholar
  37. Jorgenson, D.L. (1989) Participant Observation, Sage, London.Google Scholar
  38. Kirk, J. and Miller, M.L. (1986) Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research, Sage, London.Google Scholar
  39. Robertson, CM. (1982) ‘A Description of Participant Observation of Clinical Teaching’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 7 (6) 549–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Philip Burnard and Paul Morrison 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Burnard
    • 1
  • Paul Morrison
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wales College of MedicineCardiffUK

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