Individual Accounts
  • Terumi Takita
  • Kenji Yumoto


The establishment of a modern banking industry, supported by the power of active government leadership, played a pivotal role in the modernization of the Japanese economy during the Meiji Era. This establishment, privately managed, but overseen by the government, was achieved following the then most advanced methods. The bookkeeping system of the First National Bank (the first Japanese company, founded in 1873) was modelled on the National Bank Act of the United States and bank accounting practices of England. The establishment of the bank accounting system, done mainly to support economic development, resulted in the development of modern Japanese accounting. To prepare the framework for future development and preceding the founding of the first company, the National Bank Act had been promulgated in November 1872, and included three requirements that formed the basis of the accounting system of the First National Bank:
  • Preparation of books of account and periodical reports.

  • Periodic settlements.

  • Examination of the bank by the Ministry of Finance.


Balance Sheet Commercial Code Income Statement Generally Accept Accounting Principle Consolidate Financial Statement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terumi Takita
  • Kenji Yumoto

There are no affiliations available

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