Female-Headed Households and Urban Poverty in Pakistan
There is growing evidence not only of a substantial increase in woman-headed households all over the world but also of the severely disadvantaged economic condition of these households. These women are amongst the poorest of the poor — belonging to what may be termed a ‘Fifth World’. In the urban areas, they are concentrated in the informal sector which serves as a catchment area and source of identification of such household heads as well as other poor women desperate for some income to eke out a living in urban areas. The main characteristics of woman-headed households are reported to be extreme poverty, large-sized families, the need for all family mem-bers to work, and low levels of education and skills.
KeywordsMigration Income Assure Malaysia Shoe
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