Memory Processes

  • Tony Malim
Part of the Introductory Psychology Series book series (IPS)


At the end of this chapter you should be able to:
  1. 1.

    Describe some of the early attempts to examine human memory, including research by Ebbinghaus and Bartlett.

  2. 2.

    Make an evaluation of the merits of ‘the modal’ model of memory.

  3. 3.

    Identify what is meant by iconic and echoic memory and its relationship with short term and long term memory.

  4. 4.

    Describe and evaluate alternatives to the modal model of memory including ‘levels of processing’ and ‘working memory’ models.

  5. 5.

    Distinguish between episodic and semantic memory.

  6. 6.

    Describe some of the research into ways in which long-term memory is organised.

  7. 7.

    Identify ways in which memory research has been made more relevant to ‘real life’, including research into autobiographical memory, prospective memory and eyewitness testimony.

  8. 8.

    Apply techniques practically which are aimed at improving your own memory, with an understanding of their basis in research.



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Further Reading

  1. A. D. Baddeley, The Psychology of Memory ( New York: Basic Books, 1978 ).Google Scholar
  2. Tony Buzan, Use Your Head ( London: BBC Publications, 1974 ).Google Scholar
  3. M. W. Eysenck, A Handbook of Cognitive Psychology ( Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1984 ).Google Scholar
  4. M. Matlin, Cognition (Fort Worth: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1989 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tony Malim 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tony Malim

There are no affiliations available

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