Economic Interdependence: The Functionalist View on East-West Economic Relations

  • Peter van Ham


It is a law of physics that close contact between rapidly moving bodies results in friction; a scientific notion corroborated by the saying ‘familiarity breeds contempt’. In the social sciences and humanities, however, such ‘laws’ do not exist. People and societies tend to evade rigid regularities; they are not subject to one, relatively simple all-embracing law which guides their behavior. Consequently, apart from ‘familiarity breeds contempt’, one could suggest a plethora of other hypotheses, such as intensive communication leads to mutual understanding, or trade fosters peace. Both postulates are based on pre-theory, rather commonsensical observations on the relationship between the level of contact and the amount of conflict among people and nations. We will here focus on the theoretical presumptions pertaining to the strategies of East-West economic interdependence.


Economic Relation Tension Reduction Communist Country Economic Interdependence Functionalist View 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ernst B. Haas, Beyond the Nation-State: Functionalism and International Organization (1964).Google Scholar
  2. Herbert C. Kelman (ed.), International Behavior: A Social-Psychological Analysis (1965).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Senghaas-Knobloch, Frieden durch Integration and Assoziation. Literaturbericht and Problemstudien (1969) pp. 16, 17.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Groom, ‘The Functionalist Approach and East/West Cooperation in Europe’, in Journal of Common Market Studies (1975) p. 22.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vogel, ‘Improving East-West Relations in the late 1980s: Economic Relations’, in Lynch and McNamara (eds), Changing Dimensions of East-West Relations (1987) p. 54.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Peter G. Peterson: ‘U.S.-Soviet Commercial Relationships in a New Era’, August 1972.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. S. Ingersoll before the Senate Committee on Commerce, 12 December 1975, in Department of State Bulletin, 19 January 1976, pp. 90, 91.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yergin, ‘Politics and Soviet-American Trade: The Three Questions’, in Foreign Affairs (1977) p. 519.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Gutman, ‘Die Argumente vom Wandel durch Handel’, in Schüller and Wagner (eds), Außen wirtschaftspolitik and Stabilisierung von Wirtschaftssystemen (1980) p. 53.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Baldwin, ‘Power and Social Exchange’, in The American Political Science Review (1978), especially pp. 1234–1238.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    Andrén and Birnbaum (eds), Beyond Détente: Prospects for East-West Co-operation and Security in Europe (1976) p. 90.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    Maghroori and Ramberg, Globalism Versus Realism (1982).Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    Mintany, ‘The Functionalist Approach in Historical Perspective’, in International Affairs (1971) pp. 532, 533.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    Adler-Karlsson, Western Economic Warfare. 1947–1967 (1968).Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    Roth, ‘Wirtschaftsbeziehungen - COCOM - Gorbatschow’, in Die Neue Gesellschaft (1988) p. 533.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    Russett and Hanson, Interests and Ideology (1975) p. 271.Google Scholar
  17. 20.
    Roy D. Laird and Ronald A. Francisco, in Nish Jamgotsch, Jr. (ed.), ‘The Interdependence of Agricultural Trade’, Sectors of Mutual Benefit in U.S.-Soviet Relations (1985) p. 95.Google Scholar
  18. 21.
    Chapman (eds), Forum on U.S.-Soviet Trade Relations (1987) p. 48.Google Scholar
  19. 22.
    Jervis, Perception and Misperception (1976) p. 129.Google Scholar
  20. 24.
    Holzman and Legvold, ‘East-West Relations’ (1975) p. 275.Google Scholar
  21. 25.
    Osgood, War or Surrender (1962) p. 6.Google Scholar
  22. 26.
    Etzioni, Hard Way to Peace (1962) p. 84.Google Scholar
  23. 28.
    Osgood, War or Surrender (1962).Google Scholar
  24. Marshall D. Shulman, Beyond the Cold War (1966) chapter 5, esp. pp. 90, 91.Google Scholar
  25. 29.
    Keohane and Nye, Power and Interdependence (1977) p. 8.Google Scholar
  26. 32.
    Keohane and Nye, ‘Power and Interdependence Revisited’, in International Organization (1987) p. 730.Google Scholar
  27. 34.
    Baldwin, ‘Interdependence and Power: A Conceptual Analysis’, in International Organization (1980) p. 491.Google Scholar
  28. 35.
    Hoffmann, ‘Notes on the Elusiveness of Modem Power’, in International Journal (1975) p. 192.Google Scholar
  29. 36.
    Waltz, ‘The Myth of National Interdependence’, in Kindleberger, The International Corporation (1970) p. 210.Google Scholar
  30. 37.
    Rode and Jacobsen (eds), Economic Warfare or Détente? An Assessment of East-West Economic Relations in the 1980s (1985) p. 6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter van Ham 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter van Ham
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Political ScienceUniversity of LeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations