We begin this book1 on the north-western edge of the Indian Empire, to which we are paying a flying visit. Arriving at 6 a.m. we sallied out after tea and a hot bath to call on the Director of Public Instruction, the only person to whom we have an introduction (the Deputy Commissioner, to whom we sent on a letter, had just left on promotion to the Secretariat at Calcutta — this constant shifting being typical). The Director (Richey),2 an energetic man of about 35, has only been here a year, having come from an educational post in Eastern Bengal. And the matter is made worse by the absence of anything in the nature of specialist journals which should make known to all India what is being done in each part. Thus, we have been inspecting the muktabs,3 or common mosque schools where Muslim boys learn the Koran by heart, in various places in the United Provinces. There (and as we learn also, in the North-West Frontier Province), they are quite outside Government aid. As there are throughout India thousands of these schools attended by perhaps hundreds of thousands of boys, and as they cannot be abolished (seeing that the religion of Islam makes them obligatory), we have been exercised in our minds as to what could be done.
KeywordsReligious Order Legislative Council British Subject English History Indian Official
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- 5.Cf. J. S. Mill, The Subjection of Women (London, 1869): ‘What marriage may be in the case of two persons of cultivated faculties, between whom there exists that best kind of equality, similarity of powers and capacities with reciprocal superiority in them — so that each can enjoy the luxury of looking up to the other, and can have alternatively the pleasure of leading and of being led in the path of development ‘ I will not attempt to describe.’CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 6.Alfred Ollivant (1874–1929), author of Owd Bob, the Grey Dog of Kenmuir(London, 1898) and other books.Google Scholar
- 46.John Ruskin (1819–1900), Victorian author and artist. The sublimely opinionated Ruskin’s Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849) and his classic Stones of Venice (1851–53) were influential in the Gothic revival of his day.Google Scholar
- 50.C. F. Andrews, author of The Renaissance in India: Its Missionary Aspect(London: Church Missionary Society, 1912).Google Scholar
- 65.Har Bilas Sarda (1867–1955), an Arja Samaj social reformer for many years Municipal Commissioner at Ajmere. Sarda is also the Voluble Pleader’ subsequently alluded to as the author of Hindu Superiority: An Attempt to Determine the Position of the Hindu Race in the Scale of Nations, (Ajmere, Scottish Mission Industries, 1917).Google Scholar
- 82.There seems to have been a slight confusion on the part of the Webbs here. The nyaya mantri or Dewan of Baroda at the time was Bihari Lai Gupta (1849–1916), ICS — until his retirement in 1907 a High Court Judge at Calcutta — and not the J. N. Gupta who wrote Life and Work of Romesh Chunder Dutt (London, 1911). Dutt (1848–1909) was President of the Indian National Congress for 1899 and Prime Minister of Baroda in 1909.Google Scholar