The 1986–90 Initiatives: A Break with the Past

  • Matthew Martin
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


In 1986–90 the creditors with the power to change Sub-Saharan debt negotiations — OECD governments, the IMF and World Bank — launched public initiatives to change procedures and terms. Many saw these as a major break with the past (Keller, 1988; OECD Financing and External Debt, 1988; UN, 1988; World Bank World Debt Tables, 1988). They also made African policy-makers more conciliatory at the IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings of September–October 1988 (AED and Africa Recovery). This chapter explains how Sub-Saharan national and regional initiatives failed but influenced change. It analyses the reforms in talks with the IMF, the Paris Club and aid donors, and the rise of debt reduction by commercial creditors. It shows why they have occurred, how far they change procedure, and their lessons for future reform. The conclusion finds that they have reduced 10 major faults, but these remain, preventing all sides from fulfilling their aims.


Interest Rate Debtor Government Debt Service Debt Relief Wide Issue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Matthew Martin 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.International Development CentreUniversity of OxfordUK

Personalised recommendations