Socioeconomic Aspects of Deepwater Rice Culture in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin
Bangladesh exemplifies the overwhelming problems of the Third World: a high population growth rate, extreme poverty, weak institutions and dubious official statistics (Brammer, 1990b). There is also extreme overcrowding, a scarcity of resources and difficulty in communications. Land ownership is highly skewed: about 5 per cent of households own more than 3 ha and operate 26 per cent of the land, whereas 40 per cent of households with 0.4 ha or less operate only 8 per cent of the land (BBS, 1986). The GNP is US$ 160 per capita and international aid provides about half of the total development investment. Moreover, about 10–15 per cent of the annual food grain requirement is imported with donor assistance (Brammer, 1990a).
KeywordsClay Income Milling Expense Manure
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