Previous information technology ‘revolutions’
new technologies of communication The Commander of the Spanish Armada would not have understood, indeed would have thought it presumptous of any society to take upon itself, the mantle of the ‘Information Society’, for he knew the value of accurate information and the consequences of the lack of it when required. It was a failure of communication between himself and his land forces, lack of local knowledge about tidal movements in the channel and the failure on the part of the designers of the Spanish artillery to obtain information about the time it took to reload and re-position heavy guns during battle, compared with the performance of the smaller and more responsive artillery of the British forces, that ultimately cost him the campaign.
KeywordsIncome Smoke Straw Liner Charcoal
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- 109.Anthony R. Michaelis, ‘From the First Telegraph to the ISDN’. Telecommunication Journal, Vol. 57, 11/1990, p. 92.Google Scholar