Advertisement

‘Communities’ Form

  • Robin Jeffrey
Part of the Cambridge Commonwealth Series book series (CAMCOM)

Abstract

Whatever their sectarian divisions, Christians inherited an organisational history that had evolved in Europe side by side with bureaucratic governments and the nation-state. But there could not be a ‘Hindu Pope’, no matter how much some Hindus in Kerala might have yearned for such authority. ‘Hinduism’ was little more than a term Europeans coined to give comforting unity to a host of customs and traditions. Practices like distance pollution made those divisions more striking in Kerala than perhaps anywhere else in India.

Keywords

Communist Party Reservation System Communist Government Railway Wagon Female Literacy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 5.
    V. Balakrishnan and R. Leela Devi, Mannathu Padmanabhan and the Revival of Nairs in Kerala (New Delhi: Vikas, 1982) pp. 3, 5.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Mannathu Padmanabhan, Creator of Miracles (Changanacherry: Nair Service Society, 1966) p. 2.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    V. Balakrishnan, An Epoch in Kerala History (Kottayam: Auroville Publishers, 1977) p. 36. Padmanabhan, Ente, p. 63.Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    L. Thara Bhai, Changing Patterns of Caste and Class Relations in South India (New Delhi: Gian Publishing House, 1987) pp. 57, 61, 84.Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Deshabandhu, 28 August 1957, quoted in P. M. Mammen, Communalism and Communism (Calcutta: Minerva, 1981) p. 105.Google Scholar
  6. K. C. John, The Melting Pot (Trivandrum: Prasanthi Printers, 1975) pp. 46–7.Google Scholar
  7. Jitendra Singh, Communist Rule in Kerala (New Delhi: Diwan Chand Indian Information Centre, 1959) p. 114.Google Scholar
  8. 26.
    K. M. George, Kumaran Asan (New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1972) p. 15.Google Scholar
  9. 27.
    Robin Jeffrey, The Social Origins of a Caste Association, 1875–1905: The Founding of the SNDP Yogam’, South Asia, no. 4 (1974) pp. 39–59, and ‘Status, Class and the Growth of Radical Politics, 1860–1940’, in Jeffrey (ed.), People, Princes and Paramount Power (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1978) pp. 136–69.Google Scholar
  10. 30.
    Puthuppalli Raghavan, ‘How the SNDP Yogam in Dec. 1944 got elected Sankar as the General Secretary [sic]’, handwritten note, 9 February 1988.Google Scholar
  11. 32.
    G. Rajendran, The Ezhava Community and Kerala Politics (Trivandrum: Kerala Academy of Political Science, 1974) pp. 35–6.Google Scholar
  12. P. K. Michael Tharakan, ‘Behaviour of Communal Votes in Kerala Assembly Elections, 1987’, Religion and Society, vol. XXXV, no. 4 (December 1988) pp. 19–33.Google Scholar
  13. 33.
    MM, 7 March 1922, p. 4. Pallipattu Kunjukrishnan, Mahaccarita Samgrahasagaram (biographical dictionary) (Kottayam: National Book Stall, 1975) p. 54. H, 23 March 1939, p. 3.Google Scholar
  14. 38.
    K. N. Panikkar, Against Lord and State: Religion and Peasant Uprising in Malabar (New Delhi: Oxford UP, 1989) pp. 191–3.Google Scholar
  15. 40.
    Roland E. Miller, Mappila Muslims of Malabar (Madras: Orient Longman, 1976) p. 172.Google Scholar
  16. 41.
    Ibid., p. 171.Google Scholar
  17. 42.
    Ibid., p. 205.Google Scholar
  18. 43.
    Ibid., p. 206.Google Scholar
  19. 51.
    Miller, Mappila, pp. 253–4. Victor S. D’Souza, ‘Social Organization and Marriage Customs of the Moplahs on the South-west Coast of India’, Anthropos, vol. LIV (1959) pp. 490–504.Google Scholar
  20. 55.
    P. Sivasankara Menon, Malabar Land Tenures (Ernakulam: Vidya Vilasam Press, 1939) pp. 597–603, 616.Google Scholar
  21. 61.
    E. M. S. Namboodiripad, The National Question in Kerala (Bombay: People’s Publishing House, 1952) pp. 108, 121.Google Scholar
  22. 63.
    Robin Jeffrey, ‘India’s Working-Class Revolt: Punnapra-Vayalar and the Communist “Conspiracy” of 1946’, Indian Economic and Social History Review, vol. XVIII, no. 2 (1981) pp. 97–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 75.
    Ibid., p. 210. See also K. T. Mohammed Ali, The Development of Education among Mappilas of Malabar (New Delhi: Nunes Publications, 1990).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robin Jeffrey 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Jeffrey
    • 1
  1. 1.La Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations