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De la Madrid: The Limits of Orthodoxy

  • George Philip
Part of the St Antony’s book series

Abstract

Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado, unlike his three predecessors, was not a man who imposd his personality upon the presidential office. He accepted the system, and generally sought to play by its rules. He was more restrained in his use of power and willing to accept personal criticism than Díaz Ordaz had been, and less activist than either Echeverría or López Portillo. The significant changes which took place in Mexican politics during 1982-8 cannot easily be attributed to the personal defects or idiosyncrasies of de la Madrid. It was rather that his caution and lack of personal assertiveness showed more clearly than before the way in which more impersonal forces were transforming the nature of Mexican politics.

Keywords

Private Sector Public Sector Political Reform Local Election Opposition Parti 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    A. Kouyoumdjian ‘The Miguel de la Madrid Sexenio: Major Reforms or Foundation for Disaster?’, pp. 78–95 of George Philip, ed., The Mexican Economy (Routledge, 1988) p.78.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    R.A. Camp, ‘Camarillas in Mexican Politics; the case of the Salinas cabinet’ (Unpublished, 1989).Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    L. Meyer, ‘Tejido de Complicidades’ Excelsior, 1 February 1984.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    For further discussion of oilworkers under de la Madrid see George Grayson, Oil and Mexican Foreign Policy. (University of Pittsburgh; 1987).Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Hector Dieguez, ‘Social Consequences of the Economic Crisis: Mexico, the Facts’ (Unpublished, 1986) p.38.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Miguel Basanez, ‘Viente Anos de Crisis en México’ (Unpublished, 1989), produces a series of social welfare measurements dating back to the early 1960s. There is no marked change in the rate of improvement of the main welfare indicators between 1970 and 1982, although there is a noticeable deterioration after 1982.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    See the various contributions in A. Alverez, ed., Electoral Patterns and Perspectives in Mexico (University of San Diego, 1987).Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    Norman Cox, ‘Changes in the Mexican Political System’, in George Philip, ed., Politics in Mexico (Croom Helm, 1985 ).Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    Local studies of a weakening PRI machine include Alberto Aziz Nassif ‘Electoral Practices and Democracy in Chihuahua 1985’, in A. Alvarado, ed., Electoral Patterns and Perspectives in Mexico (University of San Diego, 1987);Google Scholar
  10. E. Krause, ‘Chihuahua; de ida y vuelta’ in E. Krause, ed., Por Una Democracia Sin Adjectivos (Joaquin Mortiz, 1986);Google Scholar
  11. and, on Jalisco, Jaime Sanchez, ‘La Escena Politica’ in Vuelta, November 1988.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    R.A. Camp, ‘Images and Attitudes of the Mexican Entrepreneur: Political Consequences’, in Silvia Maxfield and Ricardo Anzaldua Montoya, eds, Government and Private Sector in Contemporary Mexico. (University of San Diego, 1987), and also G. Guadarrama, ‘Entrepreneurs and Politics, Businessmen in Electoral Contests in Sonora and Nuevo Leon July 1985’ in A. Alvarado, ed., Electoral Patterns.Google Scholar
  13. 20.
    Ibid., p.29. See also Wayne Cornelius ‘Political Liberalisation in an Authoritarian Regime’, in J. Gentleman, ed., Mexican Politics in Transition (Westview, 1987).Google Scholar
  14. 27.
    George Grayson, Oil and Mexican Foreign Policy (Pittsburgh University Press, 1987) and George Philip, ‘Pemex and the Petroleum Sector’, in Philip, ed., The Mexican Economy.Google Scholar
  15. 32.
    See, for example, Luis Pazos, The False Austerity Policies of the Mexican Government (Instituto de Integracion Iberoamericana, 1985).Google Scholar
  16. 33.
    Rogelio Ramírez de la O and Joanne Curley, The Mexican Economy: A Medium-Term Forecast, 1985–89 (Ecanal, Mexico, 1985) p. 9.Google Scholar
  17. 34.
    Esperanza Duran, ‘Mexico’s 1986 Financial Rescue: palliative or cure?’ pp. 95–110, in George Philip, ed., The Mexican Economy (Routledge, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  18. 37.
    For a recent collection which includes a fuller discussion of the 1988 elections see W. Cornelius, et al., Mexico’s Alternative Political Futures (University of San Diego, 1989). For some excellent immediate reportage, see Proceso, 11 July 1988.Google Scholar
  19. 40.
    W. Van Ginnekin, Socio-Economic Groups and Income Distribution in Mexico. (Croom Helm, 1980). For a more political discussion see Hellman, Mexico in Crisis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© George Philip 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Philip
    • 1
  1. 1.London School of Economics and the London Institute of Latin American StudiesUK

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