The Future Use of Redundant Weapon-grade Material

  • Edoardo Amaldi

Abstract

The Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, signed on 8 December 1987, has opened the prospect for substantial reductions in the nuclear arsenals of the superpowers, and, perhaps, of the other nuclear powers as well, all the way down to a ‘minimum deterrent’ (of the order, say, of one per cent of the present strategic arsenals) or even, eventually, to zero. This process will certainly require many years, perhaps decades, and it will of course be essential that throughout a situation of strategic stability is preserved. The implementation of this process is a challenging task for decision-makers and for relevant diplomatic and governmental machineries, including advisers drawn from the technological and scientific community.

Keywords

Toxicity Silicate Europe Shipping Uranium 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Theodore B. Taylor, ‘Verification of Elimination of Nuclear Warheads’, Science and Global Security, vol. 1, no. 1–2 (1989);Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    and E. Amaldi, U. Farinelli and C. Silvi, ‘On the Utilization for Civilian Purposes of the Weapon Grade Nuclear Material that may become available as a Consequence of Nuclear Disarmament’, paper presented to the Workshop on International Security and Disarmament: the Role of the Scientific Academies (Rome, June 1988).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frank von Hippel, ‘Draft Summary of the Results of an Independent Foundation for the Survival and Development of Humanity sponsored Workshop on Cooperative Arrangements for the Management and Disposal of Nuclear-Weapon-Usable Materials’, Princeton, 28 July 1988.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Taylor, ‘Verification of Elimination of Nuclear Warheads’; Amaldi, Farinelli and Silvi, ‘On the Utilization for Civilian Purposes of the Weapon Grade Nuclear Material’; and Federation of American Scientists Public Interest Report, March 1988, pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Amaldi, Farinelli and Silvi, ‘On the Utilization for Civilian Purposes of the Weapon Grade Material’; and T. B. Cochran, W. M. Arkin, R. S. Norris and M. M. Hoenig, Nuclear Weapons Data Book: Volume II: U.S. Nuclear Warhead Production (Cambridge, Mass., 1987).Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    David Albright, ‘Civilian Inventories of Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium’, in Paul Leventhal and Yonah Alexander (eds) Preventing Nuclear Terrorism (Lexington, Maryland, 1987) pp. 265–97.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    J. Taylor, K. Stahlkopf, C. Braun, R. Belant, J. Barton and T. Shea, ‘Converting Nuclear Weapons to Peaceful Use’, unpublished Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Report, July 1983.Google Scholar
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    A summary of the main points in this report is in J. Taylor, R. Balent, J. Barton and T. Shea, ‘Converting Nuclear Weapons to Peaceful Use’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, February 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Unione Scienziati per il Disarmo Convegno Internatzionale 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edoardo Amaldi

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